Saint Paul the Apostle, one of the early Christian leaders, often considered to be the most important person after Jesus in the history of Christianity. The twenty-first-century reader must remember that a Bible writer (or a speaker whom a Bible writer quotes) may be writing/speaking from one point of view, and raise a point that may not be made in another situation. Excursus A: On the Visits of St. Paul to Jerusalem. A summary with scripture references of Paul’s four recorded trips to Jerusalem. The contrast between Paul’s fifteen-day stay in the Holy City and the three years he was on his own reveals that he did not go there to learn the gospel or … [NOTE: “Arabia” generally is taken as a reference to the vast peninsula which bears that name. In the late spring of 58 Paul visits James in Jerusalem. Later I returned to Damascus. In defense of his apostolic credentials to the churches of Galatia, Paul mentioned his delayed journey to Jerusalem in order to emphasize (among other things) his genuine apostleship, whose message and authority came from Almighty God, and not from the twelve apostles, or any other person. Paul’s vision, related in II Corinthians, had to take place twelve years after Paul’s conversion. Pfeiffer, Charles F. (1979), Baker’s Bible Atlas (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker). “Then Paul took the men, and the next day purifying himself with them went into the temple, declaring the fulfillment of the days of purification, until the offering was offered for every one of them” (Acts 21:26). Three times in the book of Acts,the Bible student is informed that after Saul’s conversion to Christ in Damascus, he departed for Jerusalem. Was it not a vital piece of information? (Gal. The phrase "I went up again" seems to be decisive in favour of reckoning it from the visit to Jerusalem just mentioned. Then after fourteen years I again went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus with me also. We can find this account only in his letter to Galatians. Some question why Paul did not mention his trip to Arabia to preach among the Gentiles when he spoke to the Jewish mob in Jerusalem, and later to King Agrippa. GOD'S WORD® Translation Then 14 years later I went to Jerusalem again with Barnabas. 18 Only after three years did I go up to Jerusalem to confer with Cephas, and I stayed with him fifteen days.… And took Titus with me also.--In the corresponding passage (Acts 15:2) we are told that "certain others" were sent with Paul and Barnabas. Paul did not lie (to the Jerusalem mob or to King Agrippa) about his past experience working with the Gentiles for a time; he merely omitted this piece of information in his efforts to show his fellow Jews that the very people among whom he had been a loyal persecutor were those to whom he now preached. If it happened after the physical dangers Paul described in II Corinthians, there is a twelve year gap between Acts 12:25 and Acts 13:1! 3 But not even Titus who was with me, though he was a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. Even Luke did not mention this in Acts. (1) Fourteen years after.--From what date is this fourteen years to be reckoned? Then after three years, I went up to Jerusalem to get acquainted with Cephas and stayed with him fifteen days. Of the 27 books of the New Testament, 13 are traditionally attributed to Saint Paul, though several may have been written by his disciples. Gal1v17. Of Course Paul was arrested when he returned to Jerusalem and was sent to Rome after "appealing to Caesar" in Acts 25:11 D. So the question now is, did he go to Spain after Nicopolis for a year or was he arrested near Nicopolis for his second and final imprisonment? We are studying Paul's first missionary journey in Acts 13 and 14. The second journey begins, possibly in the spring of 51 AD. St. Paul mentions especially Titus because of the part which he subsequently played in the history of the Council, and because of the importance of this for his present argument. Concerned Bible students want to know how these passages are harmonized? … Concerning these three years, Warren Wiersbe writes – “Paul gave himself to study, prayer, and meditation, and met with the Lord alone.” Many believe that this was Paul’s three years with the Lord, even as the other apostles had … 2:1–10] It is not known what happened during this time, but both Acts and Galatians provide some details. This will appear in the Notes which follow. As a way of comparison, we can understand why a college football player, who transferred from a rival school, may not talk to his current teammates about his former college experiences, or why a new sales representative, who transferred from a competing company, may refrain from talking to current customers and/or coworkers about the three years he spent with the rival company. In the late spring of 58 Paul visits James in Jerusalem. The disciples there begged Paul, for his own safety, not to go to Jerusalem. CLAIM: Scholars have referred to this period of Paul’s life as “Paul’s Lost Years.” Many have held that Paul was reflecting on the Old Testament out in the wilderness somewhere like Elijah. Then, when “many days were past…the disciples took him by night and let him down through the wall in a large basket” for fear of the Jews (vss. To take along as a companion. The problem with this reasoning is that Paul later wrote to the churches of Galatia, and indicated that he “did not immediately…go up to Jerusalem” following his calling to Christ (Galatians 1:16). But though the Israelites are now back in their own country they will have some hard times, as we will learn next. 1 Then after an interval of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along also. The second journey begins, possibly in the spring of 51 AD. (a) gen: with, in company with, (b) acc: (1) behind, beyond, after, of place, (2) after, of time, with nouns, neut. Acts 16:13-15 As there are few Jews and no synagogue in Philippi, Paul and his companions go to the riverbank just outside the city on the Sabbath day, and begin to speak to the women gathered there. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Letters: Galatians 2:1 Then after a period of fourteen years (Gal. Chronology is the study of the sequence of events in an historical text, and the comparison of those events with other known events from other sources. Only after three years did Paul go up to Jerusalem and spend a fortnight with Peter (1:18-24). One of the more tantalizing aspects of Paul’s early ministry is his “three years in Arabia.” In Galatians 1:17, Paul claims he did not go to Jerusalem immediately, but rather he went to Arabia for a period of time before returning to Damascus. (Acts 19:21 RSV) That was the beginning of Paul's resolve to go to Jerusalem. of adjectives. I. After this experience, he traveled widely throughout the eastern Roman Empire, spreading the “good news” that Jesus would soon return from heaven and usher in the reign of God (“t… At the end of this time, Barnabas went to find Paul and brought him to Antioch. Judas and Silas return to Antioch (Syria) with Barnabas and Paul where they continued some days (Acts 15:35-36), possibly in the winter of 50-51 AD. We are studying Paul's first missionary journey in Acts 13 and 14. He did not even visit with the other apostles (1:17). Acts 15:2-4 When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question…. Paul's narrative in Galatians states that 14 years after his conversion he went again to Jerusalem. (The Jews hated Paul for his dealings with the Gentiles. We saw in Acts 13:1-3 the divine intervention of God into the affairs of the church at Antioch, instructing this body of believers to send forth Barnabas and Saul to … To these Barnabas and I did not give way for a moment. After about four months of traveling, the Israelites get back to Jerusalem right on time. One crucial instance was that of Titus, my companion, who, Gentile as he was, was not compelled to be circumcised, though his circumcision was urged upon me, not by the free motion of the Apostles themselves, but to silence the malicious rumours set on foot by certain Judaising spies who had found their way into our midst. Rather, he went to Arabia, back to Damascus, and then after three years he went up to Jerusalem (1:17-18). In about 50 AD, Paul and Barnabas go to the council in Jerusalem 14 years after Paul's conversion (Galatians 2:1-9 and Acts 15:2). The Chain of Events that Led Paul to Rome. While in the city he stays in his home of Philip the evangelist for a few days. Paul returns to Antioch after stopping at Ephesus, Caeserea, and Jerusalem (Acts 18:18-22) Travels through Galatia and Phrygia strengthening the disciples ( Acts 18:23 ) According to Acts chapter 9, Saul (also called Paul) “increased all the more in strength” following his baptism into Christ, and “confounded the Jews who dwelt in Damascus” (vs. 22). After the visit he goes to the temple with four Jewish converts (Acts 21:18 - 26). Paul had fled Jerusalem and gone to Tarsus (Acts 9:28-30).Later (Acts 11:22-26):News of this [Jews and Gentiles following Jesus in Antioch] reached the church in Jerusalem, and they sent Barnabas to Antioch. Shortly after Paul's baptism by Anaias, but before traveling to Arabia, Paul began to preach the gospel to the children of Israel in Damascus.He was "not disobedient to the heavenly vision" (Acts 26:19), but "straightway preached in the synagogues that Jesus was the Son of God." Did Paul go straight to Jerusalem shortly after his conversion, or three years later? Add to these verses Paul’s respective statements to the Jerusalem mob (Acts 22:17) and to King Agrippa (Acts 26:20) regarding his journey from Damascus to Jerusalem, and Bible students get the impression that shortly after Paul‘s conversion in Damascus, he journeyed to Jerusalem. What Paul did during his time in Syria and Cilicia between his first encounter with the apostles in Jerusalem (vv. Paul gives us a brief description of what happens after his experience on the Damascus road. When he did finally get to Jerusalem he did not exactly mix with the other apostles. Probably from the same as pale; anew, i.e. In the meantime, it may be assumed that there appear to be sufficient reasons for identifying the visit to Jerusalem here described with that recorded in Acts 15, commonly known as the Council of Jerusalem, which is placed by the best chronologists about A.D. 50 or 51. (1) Paul wrote the churches in southern and not northern Galatia (i.e., the ones in Acts 13–14). Paul was a Diaspora Jew, a member of the party of the Pharisees, who experienced a revelation of the resurrected Jesus. Paul and the disciples then entered Jerusalem where the fellow believers received them gladly. In Acts 20:17-21:14 Paul was getting ready to go back to Jerusalem and he was going to various places visiting brothers and sisters before leaving for Jerusalem. The apostle’s third missionary campaign ended in Jerusalem, as he, along with other brethren (cf. Galatians 2:3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised: 2 Corinthians 8:16,23 But thanks be to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart of Titus for you…. Sentences are begun and not rightly ended, and much of the sense is left to be supplied by conjecture. A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases. 45: Visits Jerusalem with Barnabas to relieve the famine.-46: At Antioch: Tiberius Alexander made procurator of Judea. Aramaic Bible in Plain English But again, after 14 years, I went up to Jerusalem with BarNaba, and I brought Titus with me. Did he just “forget” about this part of his life? Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also. Fourteen. I did not go up to Jerusalem to see those who were apostles before I was, but I went into Arabia. 23,25). The problem with this reasoning is that Paul later wrote to the churches of Galatia, and indicated that he “did not immediately…go up to Jerusalem” following his calling to Christ (Galatians 1:16). We should therefore have to add the three years of Galatians 1:18, in order to reach the date of the Apostle's conversion The relation of the present narrative to that in the Acts will be more fully discussed in an excursus. Acts 19:21 After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome. A mob seizes Paul and begins to savagely beat him after he is dragged outside the temple area. After the 15 days at Jerusalem, Paul was sent away to avoid capture, and sailed from Caesarea to the regions of Syria and Cilicia (Acts 9:30; Gal.1:21) After a period ranging from 8 to 14 years, Paul traveled to Antioch with Barnabas and stayed for 1 year (Acts 11:25; Gal.1:21-2:1 see below). Paul did not hurry off to Jerusalem to get instruction and approval from the Twelve. Later did he realize exactly how his goal would be fulfilled in 14... 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