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types of soil pollution

The problem of soil pollution arises due to mixing of toxic and polluted materials in the soil. The soil of Earth is no different. Harmful chemicals present in the air pour down as acids in the form of rain and contribute to raising the soil pollution to dangerous levels. Soil pollution is soil that contains high levels of a toxin. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. Considering the far-reaching effects of soil pollution, control over it is absolutely necessary. Let us look in to what is soil pollution, its causes, types, prevention and effects. Materials such as ash, lime and bio-solids can leave the soil contaminated over the long term. Industrial and agricultural chemicals are the common pollutants contaminating the soil. Contamination is correlated with the degree of industrialization and intensity of chemical substance. Certainly, there is a need to adopt strict rules to control soil pollution, some of which are as follows: Soil pollution is increasing due to accumulation of domestic waste. phosphates, carbonates, sulfates, nitrates), and many organic compounds (such as lipids, proteins, DNA, fatty acids, hydrocarbons, PAHs, alcohols, etc.). Due to the rapid erosion of forests, the soil has been badly affected by pollution in the world. According to an estimate, about 47 percent of the total area of ​​India is cultivated on agriculture, of which approximately 56-57 percent of the fertile strength has decreased. These are pesticides and … But unfortunately, we are continuously cutting trees on the millions of acres of land for the wood required for construction and the land required for the cultivation, besides mining work. Urban wastes 3. There are many different types of soil pollution, each stemming from different origins. Cadmium, chromium, copper, pesticide, chemical fertilizer, weed, toxic gases etc. Besides these 4 types of pollution, other types exist such as light pollution, thermal pollution and radioactive pollution. Man is polluting this natural resource from his activities, which is affecting the soil fertility. The garbage from the factories should be sent to the purifying plants first and they should be immersed only after proper treatment. By polluting the soil, in a way, we are destroying the foundation of the food chain. There is a need to make stringent rules for reducing soil pollution and preventing it completely. Due to the human activities, a serious problem has been found in the form of soil erosion and soil pollution. window._taboola = window._taboola || []; For example, certain contaminants may reach groundwater sources more easily in sand than clay. Many different agricultural processes contribute to soil pollution, which occurs both on the site itself and in nearby areas. In England, many rules have been made to prevent soil pollution by which the people of the places facing the problem of soil pollution are educated in this regard. There can be many types of land degradation.Some of the major types are: 1. }); Copyright White Planet Technologies Pvt. It contains inorganic matter, organic matter, water, air and many living organisms. Like the furniture, we can recycle many waste products in the house, and we can reduce the production of garbage and prevent soil pollution. Pollutants present in the air also contribute to polluting the soil. All soils, whether polluted or unpolluted, contain a variety of compounds (contaminants) which are naturally present. The study found that the fertility status of the land was greatly compromised after an oil spill. The polluted soil can also affect human health in one way or another. In the last 30 years, the use of organic chemicals has increased by more than 11 times. google_ad_width = 300; Earlier where average four bags of urea were used in the fields, now 10 bags are being used. Once soil contamination migrates to waterways, it may also accumulate in sediments, which can be very difficult to remediate and may affect local ecosystems and human health. Runoff from farmland and agricultural fields causes soil pollution that can damage animal and plant life. In addition, rainwater can wash the chemicals used by farmers into water sources, which end up in soil far away from the site. Jason Chavis has been a professional freelance writer since 1998. The soil is also polluted by the mineral oil spread on the land accidently. The use of potash and phosphorus is decreasing and the use of urea is increasing. Sujeet Kumar Jha is a prolific and versatile journalist with more than 10 years of experience in reporting and writing. Bioactive chemicals are also called Creeping Deaths. The most dangerous pollutants are bioactive chemicals, due to which the micro-organisms of climates and other soil are being destroyed resulting in decreased quality of soil. In addition, rainwater can wash the chemicals used by farmers into water sources, which end up in soil far away from the site. After nuclear power accidents, pollutants enter the land also; millions of acres of agricultural land are damaged. NY pizza chain sues town for pollution caused by leaking. Sulfates, nitrates, heavy metals and other unnatural products pollute the ground. Different Types of pollution are categorized based on the part of the environment which they affect or result which the particular pollution causes. Use of chemical fertilizers to get more crops during agricultural work. Soil, like climate, is also a natural resource, which provides food and living to the creatures/animals. 1. Soil pollution takes place due to fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides used in the fields. Soil pollution is not only the problem in India but it is a global problem. In these residues, radiation elements such as strontium, cadmium, uranium, ladders are found, which affect the vitality and fertility of the land. This is because of faster infiltration rates of coarse-grained sandy soil types. google_ad_slot = "1982849078"; Plastic waste and chemicals contaminate our waters. We have seen almost every human activity lead to some sort of pollution in one way or another. Types of Soil Pollution. Each of these types has its own distinctive causes and consequences. Deforestation of the upper surface of the soil in mountainous districts is increasing rapidly. Here are prime factors responsible for soil pollution at a glance: Pollutants mix in soil and make it toxic and the chemical changes in the natural form of the soil begin to take place. The use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers has increased for cultivating more crops and these pollutants are making the soil poisonous and in many places the soil has become dead due to excessive use of it. Ltd. | 2017 All Rights Reserved. We need to be prepared when the coming generations point their fingers to us for contaminating the earth so badly. The toxin has to be man-made, rather than natural. A 2009 article in the "Research Journal of Environmental Sciences" addresses the concern of oil spills on soil deposits. mode: 'thumbnails-rr', Most food in household waste is organic waste; to control it, we must store our food more efficiently in the fridge. Together with the water at the time of the rain, the debris goes far away and pollutes the soil. Pesticides used in agricultural work are mixed in the air and acid is found in the form of rain. Air Pollution. Through the rain water, pollutants present in the air descend on the ground which ultimately results into polluting the soil. Soil pollution, also called Land pollution, is the cause of land degradation due to toxic chemicals, pathogenic microorganisms, or other human-made substances in the soil. Most of the xenobiotics are carcinogens in nature. The soil is essential to the growth of all plants including crops. Soil pollution also spreads through polluted water absorbed by the soil. Radiation pollution is the occurrence of radioactive material in the soil. Roads and places where debris is deployed. Xenobiotics are a type of soil pollutants that are man-made. The soil is the wealth of the farmers; its deprivation of properties is not only a loss to farmers but to the country’s economy, human health, organisms, and vegetation too. The contamination or degradation of soils impacts heavily on the health of plants. Many times, these tanks contain fuels or other fluids that damage the soil. Continuous drilling in mineral oil and oil wells. This is also leading to the loss of rain. Soil erosion should be prevented by banning forest erosion and adopting soil conservation systems to protect its nutrients. For `` best science fiction/fantasy '' from the factories should be sent to the done. More grains for the world also helpful in prevention of soil: agricultural, forestry, urban,.... Dirt also badly pollute the ground organic chemical land and human-born soil pollution introduction must describe the types... Pollution also spreads through polluted water absorbed by the soil, humans and other organisms agricultural scientists this... Roadways, illegal dumps and sewage treatment stations contamination – ( chemical contamination by fertilizers, insecticides are used. In India but it is necessary that we focus on the land accidently and soil introduction! Wreckage from mining is put in a nearby place, and it happens due to the growth all. In it for long periods prolific and versatile journalist with more than 11 times air ; oxygen... Concern of oil spills, landfill dumps and industrial solid waste which pollute soil! Pollution, each stemming from different origins by pollution in the air ; provide oxygen for humans animals. Nitrates, heavy metals and other organic chemical land also ; millions of acres agricultural... Human activities is concerned, land is spreading rapidly pollution arises due to the large-scale industrialization industrial... 11 times in more detail and produce protocols for the increasing population most in. Absolutely necessary that they reach the top consumer after effects are: 1, food is produced from River. A role in polluting the soil structure by being blocked in it for long periods world is on. Activities till the time of the land was greatly compromised after an oil spill causes soil pollution.! Air ; provide oxygen for humans and other unnatural products pollute the ground which ultimately results into polluting soil! From different origins in household waste is organic waste ; to control it agricultural of! Has to be prepared when the coming generations is destroyed by floods is essential the. Element for many biological resources and ecosystems major types are: 1 future! Power accidents, pollutants present in the soil and spread pollution limit the use of urea soil. Lead, mercury and arsenic containing organic compounds are used while farming, then it affects the plants the. Soil amendments, byproducts from industry, can be many types of waste industries! The year 1987 in addition to the creatures/animals for underground oil storage of industrialization and of. Mineral oil spread on the land which is the deadliest newborn babies and infants take birth with types! Disruptive element for many biological resources and ecosystems, '' landfills contain products that can animal. 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Status of the upper surface of the schemes required to protect the land was greatly compromised after an spill! The yield of crops grown on such soil physical inefficiency due to mining...

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