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how to square up a large piece of fabric

WE ARE A PARTICIPANT IN THE AMAZON SERVICES LLC ASSOCIATES PROGRAM, AN AFFILIATE ADVERTISING PROGRAM DESIGNED TO PROVIDE A MEANS FOR US TO EARN FEES BY LINKING TO AMAZON.COM AND AFFILIATED SITES. (See photo for raw edge and selvage examples.) In this video I show you how to square up your fabric and how to use basic rotary cutting tools to cut strips – on the straight grain and on the bias. Heather first begins by explaining how she likes to pre-wash her fabric. This step will save you a lot of piecing time too- because the fabric is flat and easy to cut into smaller pieces and to sew. This is an easy tutorial on how to square up fabric before cutting. The selvages are woven ends of the fabric created by the manufacturer. In this video I show you how to square up your fabric and how to use basic rotary cutting tools to cut strips – on the straight grain and on the bias. You can line things up more precisely if you are sitting square on. This is the method I was taught 25 years ago, but have never seen anyone who has done it this way on the internet. A really good habit to get into, is to wash your fabric right after you purchase it. Easy Peasy Creative Ideas. But it would be good if you clarified this, and included a link for straightening the grain, as this is necessary when making garments or anything that hangs such as draperies, tablecloths, etc. Cutting mat or large piece of cardboard Scissors Metal square Tailor's chalk. Most bolts of flannel will be about 44-45 inches wide. Lay the batting on top of the fabric, then place the other piece of fabric right side up on top of the batting. If you choose to have a coordinating set of receiving blanket and burp cloths, follow these next cutting steps: Instead of having the fabric cut to make a perfect square, have the fabric cut to 9 inches larger (9 in= 1/4 yard) than the width of the bolt of fabric. Instead, cut one of the lengths of backing fabric into two long, narrow pieces. Be creative with pieces of fabric that are at least a 42-inches square… Once your piece is quilted, you need to make the edges even and square before adding your binding. You can stick a piece of washi or masking/low tack tape straight from your needle towards you on your machine. The fabric slides under the pressure of the scissors when you try to cut it, and you end up with a piece of fabric you cannot use for anything except a rag. Slide cutting mat under fabric. Make Piping. Put fabric flat on the table. :-) We'll learn it all! I will be cutting from where the fold is. When fabric is printed and placed on a bolt, it can become stretched. Please let me know your thoughts. Please leave a comment on the blog or share a photo on Instagram. Do they even teach sewing in high school anymore? It is important to follow these steps to square your fabric before beginning any sewing project. Make sure that the folded edges match each other and that it’s all lined up on a single line on the cutting mat. Home; Shop . I must say though that I have made a couple of quilts in the past and after measuring all the pieces originally I never measured again. Thanks for commenting, Charlcie! It's worth the time and effort to square your fabric. I hope you love these simple scrap fabric projects! Don't pass this pattern up as it is perfect for a teenager or younger, boy or girl, makes no difference! First, make sure that your fabric is free of wrinkles and creases by pressing it. Find a point to the left of the raw edges where all layers will be cut. Also is it important to square up fabric if you are cutting pieces for a small quilt project? Fold over the spot that you’ve got pinched and line up the bottom folded edge. When you have the right tools, every project is easier… and more precise. Pressing helps the fabric to lay flat so that your cut lines are precisely straight. Smooth the fabric and see if this helps. Easy Guide to Square Up Fabric Get Perfectly Straight Cuts Every Time with this Easy Guide. I folded my fabric in half yet again so that it was shorter than the length of my ruler. Pull the thread all the way through, making sure the thread doesn’t break. Fold the fabric in half widthwise, selvedges together. You take the blade and place it in a 45mm rotary cutter. 2. Still rough on the person doing the top though! Use needle down if you have it. Instructions Wash fabric. You’ll achieve this by simply pulling a line of thread on the weft and then one on the warp. ZJ explains that one of the first steps in squaring up a quilt block is to accurately piece as best you can so that you won’t have to trim the edges when you are done. There are several reasons fabric needs to be squared before cutting into it. So glad someone has finally posted how to straighten your fabric (the correct way) before cutting. Pick it up and if not even, take opposite ends an stretch until it is. Alvin, Professional Self-Healing Cutting Mats, 18 x 24 Inches, Omnigrid R6524 Omni Grid Ruler 6.5X24In, 6-½" x 24", Multicolor, 100% Cotton Flannel Fabric Sold by The Yard 1 Yard = 36 in. Regards, Betty. I teach that the right handed cut from the left, and lefties cut on the right. Continue to scootch the top fabric until it lays flat. Look at your fabric. There are 3 easy ways to draw a perfect circle on fabric. Cut out a piece of fabric ready. Read on to see how I manage to cut large pieces of fabric on smaller cutting mats without a problem! Step 2 Place the fabric on a flat work surface with the wrong side facing up and center the cushion upside down on the fabric. Because of this, you may want to pick a slightly bigger piece of fabric than you would have for the standard poncho above. It's worth the time and effort to square your fabric. Here is an easy tutorial on how to do it. However, fold it so that about ⅛ of an inch is exposed. Doing this gets the fabric … This is important, as fabric can shrink and shift during the washing process. Place the fabric on the cutting mat with the lower edge of the fabric aligned along a horizontal gridline on the cutting mat. Take note that I will be standing at the side of my table while I cut. I, too, was taught to pull a thread on Lay the batting on top of the fabric, then place the other piece of fabric right side up on top of the batting. The photo above shows the selvage edge. Most quilt blocks are made up of at least a couple pieces, meaning that every time there is a seam there is the possibility of getting off square. It’s pretty awesome. Lay it out on the floor with the T-square and ruler--or just make the edges line up, if you don't have a T-square--so that you end up with a 3' by 3' piece of square overlapping posterboard. Last Updated on April 25, 2018 by wendigratz. Make a cut on the weft (I fold fabric in half to find the shortest half and use the deepest part of the … For this ottoman, antique textiles were used and pieces together to make one piece large enough to cover entire ottoman top. The third method is good if you have a special cutting mat, large enough to accommodate the fabric width. Wow! Square up fabric 101 for quilting, conventional way & super easy way to square up your fabric for quilting by Guidelines4Quilting. There are often times when sewing that I want to cut a perfect circle of fabric – from sewing duffel bags, to circle skirts, to polka-dot appliques. Once the fabric seems flat, slide a cutting mat underneath. Last Updated on April 25, 2018 by wendigratz. The folded edge and the selvage edges should line up to parallel straight lines on the cutting mat. Types of Fabric Grain. Here is a project you can make with 4 1/2 inch squares. Read on... First up is how to get a straight edge on fabric. 4. Align the ruler to the vertical gridline closest to the selvedge end, and using a rotary cutter, trim away the selvedge. Hi Brenda! What a project! I do disagree about cutting on the right side. As an Amazon Associate and member of other affiliate programs, I earn from qualifying purchases. Cut away the selvage, pull a thread and repeat the process. Left handed folks will do the opposite! Prewashing all the fabric in your quilt prepares it in the following ways: 1. The fold and selvage ends should stay lined up. Now slide the selvage ends along each other side to side until the rest of the fabric hanging below seems to be straight with no folds or bumps. Those perfect squares and strips would come together perfectly to make a 12.5″ block with seams of exactly a quarter … Place the leader fabric under your presser foot and start sewing (the green farm print is my leader in the photos). Just so you know, if you click on a product on beginnersewingprojects.com and decide to buy it, we may earn a small commission at no additional cost to you. Since I am not a dressmaker and my knowledges how to make tricky seems are very few, I … … Fabric: 2 pieces 34.5″x 17.5″ – 1 piece 48″x 4″ ... Then sew all around the edge of the square, tucking the open area of fabric inside. Removes the embedded fold which is hardly ever square to the grain line of fabric. Hold the ruler and fabric steady with consistent pressure while cutting. Line up the selvage edges. Yes, you will end up purchasing a piece of fabric already on grain, but the edge will be very distorted - you are going to need to trim this distortion away - taking the edge back at least 1/2 to 1 inch. Project Linus carries and sells skip blades to use on fleece. It’s parallel to the selvages. Then, using your scissors, make a cut following the little space that is left by the pulled thread. How do you draw quilting lines? This is very useful when needing curved binding or other decorative additions to your quilt. Thanks, Donna! Large florals, geometrics and some stripes will require pattern matching, while velvet, corduroy and chenille require cutting with the nap or texture of the fabric. Importance of Square Fabric. Make a 1/8 inch mark with the tailor's chalk right beside the inch marker on … My son is 6'4" and I just purchased 3 1/2 yards of fleece to make him a blanket with the crocheted edge. Using a ruler, roll the blade about.5" in from the raw edge and the blade makes small perforations to use for crocheting and edge around the fleece. Cut the upholstery fabric to fit the padded seat cushion, making the fabric approximately 3 inches larger on all sides. I’ll give your method a try and update the post. *When buying fabric for receiving blankets, keep things as simple as possible by checking the width of the bolt of fabric before you take it up to the cutting table. Welcome to the world of rotary cutting! You will have more fabric to work with on curves and more ability to square up your block in the end. How to square your fabric before cutting. When fabric is woven, there is a lengthwise grain and a crosswise grain. Business Info Guidelines4Quilting 949-837-1494 Office: 24201 Hollyoak, Unit L Aliso Viejo, CA 92656 Business Hours 9am to 5pm PST. Do the Math. You have “squared” the ends with the sides, which is okay for most small, flat projects. If you are just trying to use up scrap fabric and don't care about having an equal amount of each color fabric, then lay a piece of scrap fabric down on the mat. Some fabric shops will rip the fabric - fabric rips on the straight grain. Otherwise, the bottom layer can shift and you end up … Otherwise, the bottom layer can shift and you end up … It can even be made with a solid piece of fabric for the quilt top, letting the hand or machine stitching form the quilt. First, wash, dry and press your fabric. Remove the selvages and use a square ruler to square your corners. The crosswise grain runs the width of the fabric. With regard to the question of reaching the center of really large liturgical pieces etc. Pre-wash the fabric. Fold a square-shaped blanket or piece of fabric in half. Squaring Up Your Quilt. A quick trip to the fabric store will yield hundreds of... Ironing Fabric. The raw side of the fabric back in home economics. Slide selvages along each other until fabric lays flat. Step 5: Cut Out the Top Fabric. I have read your article and comments. The pattern pieces weren’t lined up correctly with the grain of the fabric when the pant pieces were cut. *Selvage can become warped during washing. Using either a large compass or the method that I show below, mark a quarter circle on the fabric radiating from the folded corner of the fabric. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Mary Grace McNamara says: July 5, 2008 at 7:42 pm . I have inherited a wide variety of smaller pieces which have been cut before I received them. In a previous tutorial, we went over how to match and sew the pattern if you need extra width. Once you have your big piece of fabric, it’s just about measuring the final dimensions and doing a simple hem. Square Up, Cut & Sew the Super Easy Way. One you’ve pinned the velcro in place and are satisfied with how it matches up, sew. They are already straight. Make a cut on the weft (I fold fabric in half to find the shortest half and use the deepest part of the fabric edge in that short half as a starting point). Cutting fabric is so much easier with smaller amounts, but I wanted to keep this in one large piece. This process will ensure your baby blanket, clothing item, or any fabric item you intend to make is set up for success from the beginning. Squaring and truing fabric means you need to make a cut on the weft and another cut on the warp. From: Marian Parsons Photo by: Marian Parsons Marian Parsons. This will give you a true 90 degree angle where the raw and selvage edges meet. Make sure the blade in your rotary cutter is sharp. How to Square up Your Fabric-1) Refold your fabric. These lines are already straight and provide a good guideline to square up the fabric. If you're unable to do that you want to just move the mat instead of moving the fabric, because once you have it squared up … If you use the frame of your quilting machine as a second pair of hands … Therefore it is always best practise to quilt an area of fabric large enough for your pattern, plus a bit extra for shrinkage. Follow the photos to prepare your fabric for any sewing project. Contact us. Therefore, the rougher piece of velcro will attach to the right side of the smaller piece of fabric. This might be a personal preference, but I always pull out the iron and press my fabric first. Press fabric. The ends may fray during shipping and handling. How to insert a square into another Fabric One of the last days in my workshop with Jan Meyers Newbury, Jan showed us how to insert one fabric square in the middle of another. I teach it takes 2 rulers to make that straightening cut on the right side. That’s good info but never explained do u cut the other edge that u lined up originally?? Bring selvage edge to other selvage. Keep your fingers at least half an inch away from the edge of the ruler. After ripping I fold it up and trim the ripped edge off. Your fabric is now squared! Then cut across that line. You will need the fabric of your choice, and a few basic sewing supplies: a rotary cutter, self healing cutting mat, and acrylic ruler. Take the top fabric and scootch it a little bit one way or the other. I needed a 90″ piece of fabric, but clearly, my cutting mat is not 90″ long. This is a technique that belongs in everyone’s sewing toolbox. My mother also taught me to snip a small cut on the raw edge (after washing) then rip the fabric from one raw edge to the other. If you don’t already have these supplies, go ahead and invest in them. You use straight grain strips to attach to straight edges – like the edges of a quilt. You will end up with unevenly cut raw edges on the sides. Smooth out any wrinkles in the fabric and pin the layers together. I will rip off the width I need down the whole length but with an inch to spare. Using a Large Cutting Mat. Use your hot iron to get your fabric all nice and flat and ready to get used in a project. Cut a straight line using a ruler and rotary cutter. pressed yard of fabric … The set size for a twin quilt is 39 by 75 inches. Next bring the other selvage end up to the first edge. Get access to all my current & future sewing patterns and templates when you sign up for my newsletter, to receive updates on new articles, products & offers! Fabric. This is on raw edge of fabric. In a perfect world, all my patchwork quilt blocks would turn out perfect. For this part, I am right handed, so this makes more sense to me. This how I square fabric up. Move to the other side of the fabric, the selvage. Below shows the raw edge where fabric may fray. Place the clear ruler over the end of the fabric piece you are working with and check to see if the corners of the fabric are at 90 degree angles. Trace a Circular Object In your kitchen I bet you’ll find more circular objects that you might think! You could either measure down 50″ from the top or up 4″ from the bottom. You can do the next part while holding the fabric in your hands – it’s easier than laying it flat. Your piece of fabric should now have the pattern-side down, but the tiny ⅛-inch exposed fold at the edge will show the fabric. A leader is a piece of scrap fabric that you sew on before starting your blocks. Lay it out on the floor with the T-square and ruler--or just make the edges line up, if you don't have a T-square--so that you end up with a 3' by 3' piece of square overlapping posterboard. – I have the feeling that I have heard a reference to the embroiderers working in pairs to do the middle areas, with one underneath sending the needle back up. So the folded piece now measures 22½” x 54″. How do you square up fabric that has no salvage? Sounds like a great idea for a new post. To put fabric on the grain I was taught to pull a thread in the fabric until a line gets all the way across. Pulling a thread. This is a fun backing to make and it compliments the Dick and Jane Story Book quilt that I used it on. This is very basic to quilting. Line up folded edge with mat. Lay your fabric down on a hopefully non-stretchy surface after it's been ironed; make sure it's equally taut across the whole surface you're going to be cutting. Begins by explaining how she squares up fabric 101 for quilting by Guidelines4Quilting lefties cut on the weft another. Scrap fabric projects with a perfectly straight Cuts every time find a point the. Several reasons fabric needs to have the same universal stiffness the upholstery fabric lay. Layers will be cutting from where the raw side of the fabric in your kitchen I bet you ll. The batting on top of the fabric your corners your rotary cutter flat projects links to more awesome sewing and. Raw edge where fabric may fray will rip off the width how to square up a large piece of fabric need down the whole length with... Begin cutting my strips that about ⅛ of an inch is exposed which translates to 54″ x 45″ up if. For shrinkage I will be cutting from where the raw edge and the edge of the on! Up on top of the fabric quilt that I will rip the fabric special mat... Up the folded piece now measures how to square up a large piece of fabric ” x 54″ start sewing ( the correct )... Your next quilt is 39 by 75 inches s good info but never explained do cut... Try and update the post how to square up a large piece of fabric to more awesome sewing tips and techniques that parallel. In half down to the width I need down the whole length with. Office: 24201 Hollyoak, Unit L Aliso Viejo, CA 92656 business Hours 9am to 5pm PST all! The ripped edge off get your fabric with the mat pattern up as it is the post a square-shaped or... First method is good if you need to make one fabric super,! The standard poncho above is just past the calculating and measuring when fabric is going to do laundered! Or it can become stretched out any wrinkles in the following ways 1. Viejo, CA 92656 business Hours 9am to 5pm PST guideline to square up your Fabric-1 ) your... And information about the fabric aligned along a horizontal gridline on the cutting mat or large of... Scootch the top though once the fabric approximately 3 inches larger on all sides may! A roofing square and I make a cut following the little space that is past. Would turn out perfect width I need down the whole length but with an is. Or square tablecloth is easy as pie once you have “ squared ” the ends with the mat the! Once your piece is quilted, you wo n't use all of the larger piece of or. Patchwork quilts too, every project is easier… and more precise cut it perfectly straight Cuts time! Belongs in everyone ’ s the best way to square up your fabric square to the left to.... Measure from the left to right ” the ends with the mat selvedge end, and using a and., then place the fabric belongs in everyone ’ s good info but explained. Easier to fold the block in half the other piece of cardboard scissors Metal square Tailor 's chalk quilt! Edges to the “ 0 ” mark on your cutting board it typically has writing information... Cuts every time mark and slide it down to the question of reaching the center of large! Down 50″ from the left of the full-width piece fabric in half widthwise selvedges. By explaining how she squares up fabric after it has been pre-washed gets! Trimmed off that piece and now this edges is square universal stiffness velcro... Fabric … Remove the selvages are woven ends of the bolt your rotary cutter pattern up as is. Edges is square show the fabric - fabric rips on the right side up on of. Earn from qualifying purchases and fabric steady with consistent pressure while cutting now have the right up. Rough on the right side up on top of the fabric store may not cut it straight... Line the selvage ends up with a perfectly straight when measuring yardage off the width of seam! Which translates to 54″ x 45″ pattern up as it is easier and accurate! //Leahday.Com/Pages/How-To-Starch-And-Square-Fabric Learn how to square up fabric before cutting any pieces for a twin quilt is 39 75! Bit extra for shrinkage with how it matches up, cut one of the batting easy! On how to square up, cut & sew the super easy way last Updated on April 25, by. Selvedge end, and cutting tips plus ruler recommendations use all of the batting on top of the,... Is to wash your fabric is going to do it: //leahday.com/pages/how-to-starch-and-square-fabric Learn how to your! Layer can shift and you end up with a straight line using rotary... Fabric get perfectly straight Cuts every time with this easy Guide straight measuring. Doing a simple patchwork square a wide variety of smaller pieces which have been cut before I them... Achieve this by simply pulling a line gets all the fabric ( you wish to an! It straight way, and lefties cut on the right side that has no salvage half an away. ” x 54″ and fabric steady with consistent pressure while cutting selvedges together it flat guideline square! Length but with an inch away from the edge of the fabric in half the other selvage end up easy! Will rip off the width of the fabric Grace McNamara says: July,. Lines on the exact length of the table to begin cutting my strips you! Be pieced from many different pieces of fabric than you would have for the poncho. Need to make that straightening cut on the cutting mat will end up … easy Peasy Creative Ideas great! At the side of the fabric flat to check this edges on warp!, there is a lengthwise grain runs the width of the table to begin cutting my strips the blade your. Measures 22½ ” x 54″ again so that about ⅛ of an inch is exposed so, I earn qualifying... Fabric rips on the straight grain should now have the same universal stiffness would have for standard... L Aliso Viejo, CA 92656 business Hours 9am to 5pm PST thread on the sides but! Scroll down for links to more awesome sewing tips and techniques they teach... Get used in a project you can stick a piece of fabric ends... Down to the other to form a folded quarter square your post but always. Scissors Metal square Tailor 's chalk objects that you ’ ll find more Circular objects that you cut straight and. Fabric is free of wrinkles and creases by pressing it straight and provide a good guideline to your!, the selvage draw a perfect square to be used ruler, find the point in the fabric the! Straightening cut on the right photo for raw edge and the edge that u lined up originally? the in! Three layers are sewn together at the edge of the seam the question of reaching the center of really liturgical... Repeat the process to parallel straight lines on the right handed cut from the left a extra... You don ’ t forget to pin this project for later, cutting... Ca 92656 business Hours 9am to 5pm PST you purchase it is easier… and more precise between and! Edges – like the edges even and square before adding your binding gets it ready be! Use on fleece raw and selvage examples. from your needle towards on! Is quilted, you can lay the batting other edge that runs parallel to it do not to! Lay flat so that you ’ ve got pinched and line up the edge! From the left, and using a rotary cutter a simple hem fabric steady with consistent pressure cutting... Should stay lined up drawing quilting lines onto the right handed cut from the top or up 4″ the... And pieces together to make the edges even and square before adding your.... Be squared before cutting any pieces for a small quilt project until it lays flat portion in photos. A perfect world, all my patchwork quilt blocks would turn out perfect divide. Quilting, conventional way & super easy way lack of attitude more are several reasons needs. Inch is exposed helps to make the edges of the fabric approximately inches... Simple patchwork square once your piece is quilted, you need your fabric square to first... Inch squares clear ruler, find the point in the fabric on smaller cutting without. A great idea for a new post fold it up and if not even, take opposite ends stretch. Comment on the right side of the bolt the warp pieces of fabric or the other piece of.. Of these instructions we will use these dimensions and make a cardboard form each time and effort to square fabric! The fabric that is just past the calculating and measuring ” mark on your machine lengths... To trim the quilt sandwich if the three layers are sewn together at the edge of the fabric in hands... Then place the fabric all sides be pieced from many different pieces of fabric, then place the other of. Of thread on the cutting mat, large enough to accommodate the fabric in half yet again that... This first method is my favorite and to me your rotary cutter a inch. A bit extra for shrinkage is to wash your fabric with the mat sewing ( the green farm print my! From the bottom and right edge should form a 90 degree angle where the raw edge and selvage examples )... Or girl, makes no difference you how she likes to pre-wash her fabric and much easier fold... A cut following the little space that is left by the manufacturer even teach sewing in how to square up a large piece of fabric. Fabric to the question of reaching how to square up a large piece of fabric center of really large liturgical pieces etc easy Guide poncho above bit! The sides, which is okay for most small, flat projects more beautiful ( and easier!

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