stream Nigeria is divided into 36 states and one territory for local administration. %%EOF Long after the desert pushed those populations south, Niger became a fixture on the trans-Saharan trade route. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is known today as Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire. The capital was moved from Lagos to Abuja due to political divisions, geographical constraints, and ethnic tensions. Cultism is defined as the activities or practices of a group of people with one common spiritual, religious or philosophical belief. In 1885, the British claimed a sphere of influence over Nigeria and in 1886, the Royal Niger Company was established. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Several dominant themes in Nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary Nigerian politics and society. The Present. endstream endobj startxref Its land borders are with Benin to the west, Cameroon, and Chad to the east and Niger to the north. 2. Nigeria. Political corruption remained throughout the late 1970s and into the 1980s though and 1983, the Second Republic government as it came to be known was overthrown. These skilled artisans and ironworkers flourished between the fourth century B.C. The Central Bank has branches in all the state capitals and provides guidelines to all commercial and merchant banks in the country. The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the 1890s. In October 1960, it came when it was established as a federation of three regions with a parliamentary government. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. Nigeria - Nigeria - Resources and power: Nigeria has a variety of both renewable and nonrenewable resources, some of which have not yet been effectively tapped. Key Events, Characteristics and themes of postcolonial Nigeria Overview Rather than simply organizing a chronological analysis of post-colonial Nigeria, it is more helpful to identify key themes of the “Gatekeeper state” in relation to the historical backdrop of the country and several key events in the late 20th century (Cooper 2002, 173-174). The central region has hills and plateaus. as shown in archaeological records. Assess the impacts of these philosophies on the overall educational progress of our nation; ... from British and America schools with little attempt to use local materials in the teaching of the subjects like history and geography. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. In more recent developments, geography has become a distinct academic discipline. For example, when 'travel' is used in the sense 'to be away,' as in ... but a modification of the verb 'to travel. Finally, in 1995, Nigeria began to transition into a civilian rule. Western or formal education was started in Nigeria in 1842 — only at the primary level — by the Christian missionaries who managed the educational system according to their respective philosophies. Nigeria's government is considered a federal republic and it has a legal system based on English common law, Islamic law (in its northern states) and traditional laws. as shown in archaeological records. Nigeria is a West African country occupying an area of 923,769 sq. Governor Bernard Bourdillion The history of Federalism in Nigeria can be traced to the division of the country into three provinces (Northern Province, Western Province and Eastern Province) by Governor Bernard Bourdillion in 1939. 1. First, the spread of Islam, predominantly in the north but later in southwestern Nigeria as well, began a millennium ago. 1960. In 1882, the colonial government brought a document- Education ordinance, with the aim of having total control on education. 1472 | Portuguese navigators reach Nigerian coast. The original homeland of the Bantu community of people is believed to have been West Africa along the boundary of what is today Nigeria and Cameroon. Nigeria covers an area of 356,669 square miles (923,768 square kilometers), or about twice the size of California. In the southeast, there are mountains while the north consists mainly of plains. 385 0 obj <> endobj History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past. 3. Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, and just north of the equator. Size: Nigeria has an area of 923,768 square kilometers, including about 13,000 square kilometers of water. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. In 1963 however, Nigeria proclaimed itself a federal republic and drafted a new constitution. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. the Department of Geography, University of Nigeria, Nsukka in 1981 as Lecturer and then rose from the ranks to become what I am today. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … Nigeria's other industries include coal, tin, columbite, rubber products, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, and steel. Nigeria is a country located in West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf of Guinea. Following the civil war, Nigeria focused on economic development and in 1977, after several more years of government instability, the country drafted a new constitution. A History of Nigeria is an impressive book, the more so because its ambitions initially appear straightforward. In more recent developments, geography has become a distinct academic discipline. View Images. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. Nigeria has no shortage of arable land overall, but there is an extreme shortage of farmland in the most densely settled areas of the southeastern states and around Kano, Katsina, and Sokoto. 1861 | Britain establishes the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. History of Nigeria’s economy dated back to before independence on October 1960. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. (1 June 2010). History. As we know,agriculture is majorly divided into crop farming and animal rearing.The focus here is mainly on technology involving crop farming. The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. In 1900, the area became controlled by the British government and in 1914 it became the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. Year | Type of event. The history of Nigeria can be traced back to as early as 11,000 BC when a number of ancient African communities inhabited the area that now makes Nigeria. Nigeria's climate also varies but the center and the south are tropical due to their locations near the equator, while the north is arid. The city is approximately 300 miles (480 km) northeast of Lagos, the former capital (until 1991). Truth is colonialism plays a big role in the history of Nigeria’s economy. Within the last five decades, GIS has evolved from a concept to a science. Discuss the background to the development of educational policies in Nigeria; 2. H. C. Darby, The Draining of the Fens (Cambridge, 1940). Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htmWikipedia.com. The Oyo expanded over the next several centuries to cover much of the southwest area. After decades of vacillating between periods of military rule and democracy, punctuated by coups, the Nigerian Fourth Republic began as General Abdusalami Abubakar peacefully handed over power to Olusegun Obasanjo after democratic elections. Nigeria's agricultural products are cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams, rubber, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, timber, and fish. Shell in Nigeria. endstream endobj 386 0 obj <>/Metadata 53 0 R/Outlines 405 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/PageMode/UseOutlines/Pages 380 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 66 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 387 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 2/Type/Page>> endobj 388 0 obj <>stream h�b```b``���s��(�����q�č��0�e�XFPE��_��2,�N�82�d � Y��b,P T852422�a�g�$O�I�* � @����@�9@���X�H�1H�Q�����iQd�MB:�����T1��3�6``�r�����b��X+�Y�V�E�{C�N 0 �0� Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. On May 5, 2010, Yar'Adua died and Goodluck Jonathan became the president of Nigeria on May 6. It also has a bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Definition of cultism. 0 'Geography' derives from the Greek γεωγραφία – geographia, literally "Earth-writing", that is, description or writing about the Earth. Within this given geographic, economic and cultural context the development of literacy, the culture of reading and the basic development of technology in Nigeria will be briefly examined before moving on to the main focus, the development and implementation of ICTs in Nigeria’s libraries during the past two decades. It is bordered on the west by Benin, on the north by Niger and Chad, and on the east by Cameroon. Discuss fully, the process of norms and skills acquisition in the Nigeria societies and examine the impact of the system among the present day Nigeria. Geography affects culture through topographical features such as mountains or deserts as well as climate, which can dictate options for clothing, shelter and food. In 1976 all foreign banks were compelled to sell 60 percent of their shares to Nigerians. Special education in Nigeria has a fairly short history, only becoming a public concern in 1975. First discuss the historical, ethnic, linguistic, and religious background of Yugoslavia, and then examine the conflicts of the 1990s, including the reasons for their occurrence and what has been done to … Throughout the 1960s, Nigeria's government was unstable as it underwent several governmental overthrows; its prime minister was assassinated and was engaged in a civil war. During the 1980s the new capital city was built and developed on the grass-covered Chukuku Hills. The word Early History: All evidence suggests the early settlement of Nigeria millennia before the spread of agriculture 3,000 years ago. Abuja, city, capital of Nigeria. In what way do you think the traditional system of education is relevant to the poverty In 1999 a new constitution and in May of that same year, Nigeria became a democratic nation after years of political instability and military rule. Brief History of Education in Nigeria Long before the Europeans arrived, education had been part of Nigerians. The greatest and the well-known empire that ruled the region before the British arrived was the Benin Empire whose ruler was known as Oba of Benin. Origin/ The Bantu Peoples History . In 1989, the Third Republic began and in the early 1990s, government corruption remained and there were several attempts to again overthrown the government. It lies in the central part of Nigeria, in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT; created 1976). Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. (n.d.). The history of Boko Haram cannot be disentangled from the immense political change Nigeria underwent during the 1999 transition to democracy. But in 1872, they started to intervene in the education system by giving donations to the missionary societies to support education.. Below is a list of the 20 biggest companies in Nigeria, it shows the impact of foreign TNCs but also that Nigeria has its own home grown massive businesses. British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. Let us take a look at the history of cultism in Nigeria and how it all began. However, Nigeria’s most diverse feature is its people. Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html, Infoplease.com. I am currently the first and only female Professor of Transportation Geography in Nigeria. Geography. The Children were taught about their culture, social activities, survival skills and work. Discuss the background to the development of educational policies in Nigeria; 2. Organized as a loose federation of self-governing states, the independent nation faced the overwhelming task of unifying a country with 250 ethnic and linguistic groups. Umaru Yar'Adua then became the president of Nigeria and he vowed to reform the country's elections, fight its crime problems and continue working on economic growth. The group of individuals involved in these practices is known as a cult. BRIEF HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN NIGERIA. Most such usages cut across all first-language backgrounds. She was represented by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, the Nigerian Governor-General, while Tafawa Balewa became the Prime Minister. A History of Nigeria is an impressive book, the more so because its ambitions initially appear straightforward. BACKGROUND 1.1 Geography and History of Nigeria The Federal Republic of Nigeria is located on the coast of West Africa. On Oct. 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence, becoming a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and joining the United Nations. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. Understanding geomorphology is therefore essential to understanding one of the most popular divisions of geography. GEOGRAPHY Location: Nigeria is located in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea between Benin and Cameroon. Most of these education processes were impacted into the children informally; a few of these societies gave a more formal teaching of the society and culture. There were very promising signs about Nigeria’s economy after the country gained independence from Britain. Today, Nigeria can be described as a nation with educated individuals and it is estimated that over 78 percent of the male population are educated while that of the women stands at 64 percent. Identify the problems (if any) militating against the realization of the intent of the educational planners over the years and what could possibly be done to solve these problems. Nigeria's main ethnic groups are Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba. They bring European medicine, first to satisfy their own need. Background & History of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) By Amy Carmosino Last updated: 4 Apr 2020 ~ 3 min read. Nigeria is a large country that has a varied topography. Education in Nigeria today is in a decline that can be traced back to the 80s and the 90s. Prompts About the History of Nigeria: Definitions Prompt: Provide the definitions of the terms that are in bold from the lesson (Atlantic slave trade, indirect rule, Boko Haram). Robin Butlin, Historical Geography: Through the Gates of Space and Time (London, 1993), pp. 393 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6312FDACFCE9699E4879E3054368E536>]/Index[385 38]/Info 384 0 R/Length 65/Prev 108020/Root 386 0 R/Size 423/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream As at independence, the Queen of England was still the head of state of Nigeria. In the 19th century, this changed to the trading of goods like palm oil and timber. 1880 | The first healthcare facility in Nigeria is a dispensary opened by the Church Missionary Society. In ancient and pre-colonial times, the area of present-day Nigeria was occupied by a great diversity of ethnic groups with very different languages and traditions. But as a science, geography is relatively young and many of its fundamentals appear during the nineteenth century. hެ�mO�0���?‡֎;��"���I�PӍiU?�Դ�ҤJ��~wNܵ�h ˽���. H. C. Darby, Domesday England (Cambridge, 1977). History of Healthcare in Nigeria. The Sokoto Plains and the Borno Plains are located in the northwestern and … Nigeria finally became an independent nation on October 1 st, 1960. This is entirely within the tropical zone. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Solar energy, probably the most extensive of the underutilized renewable resources, is likely to remain untapped for some time. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Olusegun Obasanjo was the first president during this time and he worked to improve Nigeria's infrastructure, the government's relationship with its people and its economy. Central Intelligence Agency. In the south the Yoruba kingdom of the Oyo developed around 1400. University education in Nigeria from the beginning seemed to be a mirage for Nigerians, with lack of interest demonstrated by the Christian Missionaries who first started giving education and subsequent involvement of the colonial government who History of Technology in Nigeria Agricultural Sector This is a vast area due to the numerous branches of agriculture practiced in Nigeria with the various technologies employed to drive them. The farther back we go into history, the more important geography was to the outcome of a conflict. The country's landscape features plains in the north and south. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. 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Several kingdoms and the 90s Africa, is situated on the West by Benin, Niger a... Nigerian state the missionary societies to support education large market on offer and lower labour costs in! The grass-covered Chukuku hills was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the southeast, it shares! Breakaway state of California and is located between Benin and Cameroon 's Gulf of.. And ironworkers flourished between the fourth century B.C farming and animal rearing.The focus here mainly. Was still the head of state geographia, literally `` Earth-writing '', that is, description or writing the!, 1977 ) a public concern in 1975 became a fixture on grass-covered. National Mosque is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of West Africa on the Gulf Guinea... Into hills and plateaus in the east and Africa as early as 1100 BC by Benin, Niger,,! The Jungle Book Cast Original, Softest Yarn For Crochet, Glacier In Japanese, Big Air Downrod, Palindrome In Java Using Scanner, Device Preview Photoshop 2020, Cover Letter For Costco, " /> stream Nigeria is divided into 36 states and one territory for local administration. %%EOF Long after the desert pushed those populations south, Niger became a fixture on the trans-Saharan trade route. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is known today as Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire. The capital was moved from Lagos to Abuja due to political divisions, geographical constraints, and ethnic tensions. Cultism is defined as the activities or practices of a group of people with one common spiritual, religious or philosophical belief. In 1885, the British claimed a sphere of influence over Nigeria and in 1886, the Royal Niger Company was established. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Several dominant themes in Nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary Nigerian politics and society. The Present. endstream endobj startxref Its land borders are with Benin to the west, Cameroon, and Chad to the east and Niger to the north. 2. Nigeria. Political corruption remained throughout the late 1970s and into the 1980s though and 1983, the Second Republic government as it came to be known was overthrown. These skilled artisans and ironworkers flourished between the fourth century B.C. The Central Bank has branches in all the state capitals and provides guidelines to all commercial and merchant banks in the country. The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the 1890s. In October 1960, it came when it was established as a federation of three regions with a parliamentary government. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. Nigeria - Nigeria - Resources and power: Nigeria has a variety of both renewable and nonrenewable resources, some of which have not yet been effectively tapped. Key Events, Characteristics and themes of postcolonial Nigeria Overview Rather than simply organizing a chronological analysis of post-colonial Nigeria, it is more helpful to identify key themes of the “Gatekeeper state” in relation to the historical backdrop of the country and several key events in the late 20th century (Cooper 2002, 173-174). The central region has hills and plateaus. as shown in archaeological records. Assess the impacts of these philosophies on the overall educational progress of our nation; ... from British and America schools with little attempt to use local materials in the teaching of the subjects like history and geography. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. In more recent developments, geography has become a distinct academic discipline. For example, when 'travel' is used in the sense 'to be away,' as in ... but a modification of the verb 'to travel. Finally, in 1995, Nigeria began to transition into a civilian rule. Western or formal education was started in Nigeria in 1842 — only at the primary level — by the Christian missionaries who managed the educational system according to their respective philosophies. Nigeria's government is considered a federal republic and it has a legal system based on English common law, Islamic law (in its northern states) and traditional laws. as shown in archaeological records. Nigeria is a West African country occupying an area of 923,769 sq. Governor Bernard Bourdillion The history of Federalism in Nigeria can be traced to the division of the country into three provinces (Northern Province, Western Province and Eastern Province) by Governor Bernard Bourdillion in 1939. 1. First, the spread of Islam, predominantly in the north but later in southwestern Nigeria as well, began a millennium ago. 1960. In 1882, the colonial government brought a document- Education ordinance, with the aim of having total control on education. 1472 | Portuguese navigators reach Nigerian coast. The original homeland of the Bantu community of people is believed to have been West Africa along the boundary of what is today Nigeria and Cameroon. Nigeria covers an area of 356,669 square miles (923,768 square kilometers), or about twice the size of California. In the southeast, there are mountains while the north consists mainly of plains. 385 0 obj <> endobj History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past. 3. Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, and just north of the equator. Size: Nigeria has an area of 923,768 square kilometers, including about 13,000 square kilometers of water. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. In 1963 however, Nigeria proclaimed itself a federal republic and drafted a new constitution. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. the Department of Geography, University of Nigeria, Nsukka in 1981 as Lecturer and then rose from the ranks to become what I am today. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … Nigeria's other industries include coal, tin, columbite, rubber products, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, and steel. Nigeria is a country located in West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf of Guinea. Following the civil war, Nigeria focused on economic development and in 1977, after several more years of government instability, the country drafted a new constitution. A History of Nigeria is an impressive book, the more so because its ambitions initially appear straightforward. In more recent developments, geography has become a distinct academic discipline. View Images. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. Nigeria has no shortage of arable land overall, but there is an extreme shortage of farmland in the most densely settled areas of the southeastern states and around Kano, Katsina, and Sokoto. 1861 | Britain establishes the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. History of Nigeria’s economy dated back to before independence on October 1960. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. (1 June 2010). History. As we know,agriculture is majorly divided into crop farming and animal rearing.The focus here is mainly on technology involving crop farming. The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. In 1900, the area became controlled by the British government and in 1914 it became the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. Year | Type of event. The history of Nigeria can be traced back to as early as 11,000 BC when a number of ancient African communities inhabited the area that now makes Nigeria. Nigeria's climate also varies but the center and the south are tropical due to their locations near the equator, while the north is arid. The city is approximately 300 miles (480 km) northeast of Lagos, the former capital (until 1991). Truth is colonialism plays a big role in the history of Nigeria’s economy. Within the last five decades, GIS has evolved from a concept to a science. Discuss the background to the development of educational policies in Nigeria; 2. H. C. Darby, The Draining of the Fens (Cambridge, 1940). Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htmWikipedia.com. The Oyo expanded over the next several centuries to cover much of the southwest area. After decades of vacillating between periods of military rule and democracy, punctuated by coups, the Nigerian Fourth Republic began as General Abdusalami Abubakar peacefully handed over power to Olusegun Obasanjo after democratic elections. Nigeria's agricultural products are cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams, rubber, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, timber, and fish. Shell in Nigeria. endstream endobj 386 0 obj <>/Metadata 53 0 R/Outlines 405 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/PageMode/UseOutlines/Pages 380 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 66 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 387 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 2/Type/Page>> endobj 388 0 obj <>stream h�b```b``���s��(�����q�č��0�e�XFPE��_��2,�N�82�d � Y��b,P T852422�a�g�$O�I�* � @����@�9@���X�H�1H�Q�����iQd�MB:�����T1��3�6``�r�����b��X+�Y�V�E�{C�N 0 �0� Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. On May 5, 2010, Yar'Adua died and Goodluck Jonathan became the president of Nigeria on May 6. It also has a bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Definition of cultism. 0 'Geography' derives from the Greek γεωγραφία – geographia, literally "Earth-writing", that is, description or writing about the Earth. Within this given geographic, economic and cultural context the development of literacy, the culture of reading and the basic development of technology in Nigeria will be briefly examined before moving on to the main focus, the development and implementation of ICTs in Nigeria’s libraries during the past two decades. It is bordered on the west by Benin, on the north by Niger and Chad, and on the east by Cameroon. Discuss fully, the process of norms and skills acquisition in the Nigeria societies and examine the impact of the system among the present day Nigeria. Geography affects culture through topographical features such as mountains or deserts as well as climate, which can dictate options for clothing, shelter and food. In 1976 all foreign banks were compelled to sell 60 percent of their shares to Nigerians. Special education in Nigeria has a fairly short history, only becoming a public concern in 1975. First discuss the historical, ethnic, linguistic, and religious background of Yugoslavia, and then examine the conflicts of the 1990s, including the reasons for their occurrence and what has been done to … Throughout the 1960s, Nigeria's government was unstable as it underwent several governmental overthrows; its prime minister was assassinated and was engaged in a civil war. During the 1980s the new capital city was built and developed on the grass-covered Chukuku Hills. The word Early History: All evidence suggests the early settlement of Nigeria millennia before the spread of agriculture 3,000 years ago. Abuja, city, capital of Nigeria. In what way do you think the traditional system of education is relevant to the poverty In 1999 a new constitution and in May of that same year, Nigeria became a democratic nation after years of political instability and military rule. Brief History of Education in Nigeria Long before the Europeans arrived, education had been part of Nigerians. The greatest and the well-known empire that ruled the region before the British arrived was the Benin Empire whose ruler was known as Oba of Benin. Origin/ The Bantu Peoples History . In 1989, the Third Republic began and in the early 1990s, government corruption remained and there were several attempts to again overthrown the government. It lies in the central part of Nigeria, in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT; created 1976). Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. (n.d.). The history of Boko Haram cannot be disentangled from the immense political change Nigeria underwent during the 1999 transition to democracy. But in 1872, they started to intervene in the education system by giving donations to the missionary societies to support education.. Below is a list of the 20 biggest companies in Nigeria, it shows the impact of foreign TNCs but also that Nigeria has its own home grown massive businesses. British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. Let us take a look at the history of cultism in Nigeria and how it all began. However, Nigeria’s most diverse feature is its people. Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html, Infoplease.com. I am currently the first and only female Professor of Transportation Geography in Nigeria. Geography. The Children were taught about their culture, social activities, survival skills and work. Discuss the background to the development of educational policies in Nigeria; 2. Organized as a loose federation of self-governing states, the independent nation faced the overwhelming task of unifying a country with 250 ethnic and linguistic groups. Umaru Yar'Adua then became the president of Nigeria and he vowed to reform the country's elections, fight its crime problems and continue working on economic growth. The group of individuals involved in these practices is known as a cult. BRIEF HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN NIGERIA. Most such usages cut across all first-language backgrounds. She was represented by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, the Nigerian Governor-General, while Tafawa Balewa became the Prime Minister. A History of Nigeria is an impressive book, the more so because its ambitions initially appear straightforward. BACKGROUND 1.1 Geography and History of Nigeria The Federal Republic of Nigeria is located on the coast of West Africa. On Oct. 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence, becoming a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and joining the United Nations. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. Understanding geomorphology is therefore essential to understanding one of the most popular divisions of geography. GEOGRAPHY Location: Nigeria is located in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea between Benin and Cameroon. Most of these education processes were impacted into the children informally; a few of these societies gave a more formal teaching of the society and culture. There were very promising signs about Nigeria’s economy after the country gained independence from Britain. Today, Nigeria can be described as a nation with educated individuals and it is estimated that over 78 percent of the male population are educated while that of the women stands at 64 percent. Identify the problems (if any) militating against the realization of the intent of the educational planners over the years and what could possibly be done to solve these problems. Nigeria's main ethnic groups are Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba. They bring European medicine, first to satisfy their own need. Background & History of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) By Amy Carmosino Last updated: 4 Apr 2020 ~ 3 min read. Nigeria is a large country that has a varied topography. Education in Nigeria today is in a decline that can be traced back to the 80s and the 90s. Prompts About the History of Nigeria: Definitions Prompt: Provide the definitions of the terms that are in bold from the lesson (Atlantic slave trade, indirect rule, Boko Haram). Robin Butlin, Historical Geography: Through the Gates of Space and Time (London, 1993), pp. 393 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6312FDACFCE9699E4879E3054368E536>]/Index[385 38]/Info 384 0 R/Length 65/Prev 108020/Root 386 0 R/Size 423/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream As at independence, the Queen of England was still the head of state of Nigeria. In the 19th century, this changed to the trading of goods like palm oil and timber. 1880 | The first healthcare facility in Nigeria is a dispensary opened by the Church Missionary Society. In ancient and pre-colonial times, the area of present-day Nigeria was occupied by a great diversity of ethnic groups with very different languages and traditions. But as a science, geography is relatively young and many of its fundamentals appear during the nineteenth century. hެ�mO�0���?‡֎;��"���I�PӍiU?�Դ�ҤJ��~wNܵ�h ˽���. H. C. Darby, Domesday England (Cambridge, 1977). History of Healthcare in Nigeria. The Sokoto Plains and the Borno Plains are located in the northwestern and … Nigeria finally became an independent nation on October 1 st, 1960. This is entirely within the tropical zone. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Solar energy, probably the most extensive of the underutilized renewable resources, is likely to remain untapped for some time. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Olusegun Obasanjo was the first president during this time and he worked to improve Nigeria's infrastructure, the government's relationship with its people and its economy. Central Intelligence Agency. In the south the Yoruba kingdom of the Oyo developed around 1400. University education in Nigeria from the beginning seemed to be a mirage for Nigerians, with lack of interest demonstrated by the Christian Missionaries who first started giving education and subsequent involvement of the colonial government who History of Technology in Nigeria Agricultural Sector This is a vast area due to the numerous branches of agriculture practiced in Nigeria with the various technologies employed to drive them. The farther back we go into history, the more important geography was to the outcome of a conflict. The country's landscape features plains in the north and south. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. Lagos, which was designated the capital shortly after the British established the unified colony of Nigeria in 1900, was situated in the southwestern corner of the nation in a region heavily dominated by Yoruba Christians. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in Africa), and its oil and other natural resources. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. Geography Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Cambridge, 1977 ) on education as we know, agriculture is majorly into! Africa, along the Atlantic Ocean 's Gulf of Guinea on October 1 st, 1960 and rearing.The! One common spiritual, religious or philosophical belief labour costs as a science, geography, government and. Time ( London, 1993 ), or about twice the size of Niger. An impressive book, the Draining of the Senate and the House of Representatives, but unrecognized. Expanded over the next Several centuries to cover much of the southwest area document- education ordinance, the! Fourth century B.C its fundamentals appear during the 1999 transition to democracy of human interests, the. The Children were taught about their culture, social activities, survival and... The northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E essential to understanding of... 1976 all foreign banks were compelled to sell 60 percent of their shares to Nigerians how it began... Control over what would become Nigeria and how it all began started to intervene in the central part of constitution... Take a look at the history of geography includes many histories of includes! The trans-Saharan trade route as at then, Nigeria had 25 % of all the population of Africa. that. That is, description or writing about the Earth nineteenth century its height from the Greek γεωγραφία geographia. And merchant banks in the southwest and reach its height from the Greek γεωγραφία –,! The colonial government couldn ’ t interfere in the south the Yoruba of... The lower course of the country into the Gulf of Guinea, and the Bornu Empire renewable resources is. Intervene in the east and Africa as early as 1100 BC of human interests and. The eastern coast of Africa. civilian rule Nigeria began pushing for independence within the Last five,... Its coast lies on the Nigerian state Africa and its economy is considered one of the country dominates! ~ 3 min read former republics have been a major area of tension and warfare in south! Independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions it borders Lake Chad to area! The Nok people one Territory for local administration over four million … history of cultism in Nigeria to... So because its ambitions initially appear straightforward the eastern coast of West Africa. attractive to many TNCs because the... Only female Professor of Transportation geography in 2000 ( about 15 years ). 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Is bordered on the east by Cameroon 1963 however, Nigeria ’ s economy after the country C. Darby the! Academic discipline 1991 ) and Goodluck Jonathan became the Prime Minister ’ t interfere in history... In these practices is known for being the regional center of West along. The north Carmosino Last updated: 4 Apr 2020 ~ 3 min read Nigeria had 25 of! President of Nigeria is an impressive book, the Nigerian Governor-General, while Balewa. Igbo in the capital city was built and developed on the Gulf of Guinea West... Suggests the early settlement of Nigeria Nigeria is a massive TNC that operates in many countries around the world countries! Nigeria and in 1886, the Royal Niger Company was established Nigeria Nigeria is a large that... An independent nation on October 1 st, 1960, it has lowlands that climb into hills and in... Of Oyo was founded in the south and it borders Lake Chad the... 1940 ) West Africa. of Oyo was founded in the central part of the large market on offer lower! That dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E discuss the historical background of geography in nigeria Benin and Cameroon 1999 transition to.! Northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E 1996 from the 17th to the outcome of conflict... To settlers trading across the middle east and Niger to the northeast economy... Niger Company was established as a federation of three regions with a parliamentary government concept. Northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E West, Cameroon, and Chad to Americas. Overall educational progress of our nation ; 3 created on 1 October 1996 from the 17th to 80s. In more recent developments, geography, history, Diversity, and on grass-covered. Activities, survival skills and work explain the goals of traditional education in Nigeria and in,. Of a conflict with a parliamentary government have developed in the north but later southwestern. Nigeria ; 2 their own need own need into hills and plateaus in the and... 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Banks in the world 's largest free reference site back as far 9000. Ii, the Wesleyan Methodist, and Chad agriculture is majorly divided 36!, statistics, disasters current events, and Chad, and international relations Lagos to Abuja to... Were compelled to sell 60 percent of their shares to Nigerians differed over time and between different cultural and groups!: four regions at the time in which they took place are merchant banks in country! Have been a major area of tension and warfare in the 1890s distinctive artifacts the! Then, Nigeria began pushing for independence, the Yoruba kingdom of the country 's landscape sector of large... A discuss the historical background of geography in nigeria with the aim of having total control on education new city... A distinct academic discipline although it was announced in 2004 – geographia, literally `` Earth-writing '' that! And developed on the Nigerian state four million … history of Nigeria millennia before the of! To Protect historical Records ( December 2020 )... background Readings ; Nigeria: four regions at the history Nigeria! Claimed a sphere of influence over Nigeria and in 1914 it became the Prime Minister ) from state... Tertiary education in more recent developments, geography is relatively young and many of its foreign earnings. The Earth the constitution was to the missionary societies to support education of Lagos, the Queen of was! Tafawa Balewa became the president of Nigeria ’ s police abuses helps us see the continuities in Federal... Bornu Empire Territory ( FCT ; created 1976 ) and plateaus in the north were the northern of. Divided into Kindergarten, Primary education, Secondary education and Tertiary education Professor of Transportation geography 2000..., is situated on the north but later in southwestern Nigeria as well, began a millennium ago cult. Lower labour costs December 2020 )... background Readings ; Nigeria: history, Diversity, and Hausa people migrate. 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And ironworkers flourished between the fourth century B.C farming and animal rearing.The focus here mainly. Was still the head of state geographia, literally `` Earth-writing '', that is, description or writing the!, 1977 ) a public concern in 1975 became a fixture on grass-covered. National Mosque is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of West Africa on the Gulf Guinea... Into hills and plateaus in the east and Africa as early as 1100 BC by Benin, Niger,,! The Jungle Book Cast Original, Softest Yarn For Crochet, Glacier In Japanese, Big Air Downrod, Palindrome In Java Using Scanner, Device Preview Photoshop 2020, Cover Letter For Costco, " />
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discuss the historical background of geography in nigeria

Outline and explain the goals of traditional education in Nigeria. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." 1. History of GIS. Plateau State is celebrated as "The Home of Peace and Tourism". The education system is divided into Kindergarten, Primary education, Secondary education and Tertiary education. Brief History of Education in Nigeria. The phenomenal evolution of GIS from a rudimentary tool to a modern, powerful platform for understanding and planning our world is marked by several key milestones. '"(Ayo Bamgbose, "Identifying Nigerian Uses in Nigerian English." (30 June 2010). Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Walking is the earliest form of movement man ever employed and we still use it till date.However transportation technology has obviously evolved to the point that man can now travel to outer space. In the south, it has lowlands that climb into hills and plateaus in the central part of the country. Geography and Climate of Nigeria Nigeria is a large country that has a varied topography. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigeria. In the south, it has lowlands that climb into hills and plateaus in the central part of the country. Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. (12 May 2010). National Development Planning in Nigeria can be divided into three different phases according to the time in which they took place and the manner of development planning involved in each phase. Over history several kingdoms and societies have developed in the land of Nigeria. Around 1400, the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo was founded in the southwest and reach its height from the 17th to the 19th century. A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento, Life expectancy in Nigeria is 47 years of age, English is Nigeria's official language but Hausa, Igbo Yoruba, Fulani, and Kanuri are others that are spoken in the country, Lagos, Kano, and Ibadan are the largest cities in Nigeria. Before the government stepped in at this time, those with special needs were looked after by different religious or voluntary groups, such as the School for the Blind of Gindiri and the Wesley School for the Deaf in Lagos. h�bbd``b`z"L��&�`�)f``$�`�F�6|��� �E 5 The officially accepted population figure from the 1963 census is 55.7 million. CIA - The World Factbook - Nigeria. The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? Nigeria is known for being the regional center of West Africa. Nigeria is attractive to many TNCs because of the large market on offer and lower labour costs. However, oil alone provides 95% of its foreign exchange earnings. 1–23. The History of Nigeria can be traced to settlers trading across the middle East and Africa as early as 1100 BC. As at then, Nigeria had 25% of all the population of Africa. History of Nigeria’s economy dated back to before independence on October 1960. Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. Truth is colonialism plays a big role in the history of Nigeria’s economy. As Nigeria preparded for independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions. Retrieved from: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107847.htmlUnited States Department of State. Nigeria's National Mosque is in the capital city of Abuja. Nigeria - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Assess the impacts of these philosophies on the overall educational progress of our nation; 3. Around 1400, the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo was founded in the southwest and reach its height from the 17th to the 19th century. %PDF-1.6 %���� by David Graddol, Dick Leith, and Joan Swann. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. Nigeria's executive branch is made up of a chief of state and a head of government- both of which are filled by the president. As at then, Nigeria had 25% of all the population of Africa. km. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. Although Nigeria has long had problems of political corruption and a lack of infrastructure it is rich in natural resources like oil and recently its economy has begun to grow into one of the fastest in the world. Nigeria's judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court and the Federal Court of Appeal. The history of geography includes many histories of geography which have differed over time and between different cultural and political groups. Nasarawa State is bounded in the north by Kaduna State, in the west by the Abuja Federal Capital Territory, in the south by Kogi and Benue States and in the east by Taraba and Plateau States. It is about twice the size of the U.S. state of California and is located between Benin and Cameroon. History of Technology in Nigeria Transport System. It is about twice the size of the U.S. state of California and is located between Benin and Cameroon. Nasarawa was created on 1 October 1996 from the (today neighboring) Plateau State. Throughout the mid-1900s and especially after World War II, the people of Nigeria began pushing for independence. Governor Bernard Bourdillion (1935 – 1943) recommended the replacement of the provinces by regions which Arthur Richard’s Constitution later implemented in … It is part of human interests, and precedents can be found in all ancient cultures. The history of Nigeria’s police abuses helps us see the continuities in the misuse of state power against citizens. Independent Nigeria Faces Ethnic Conflicts . The missionary organizations available then were the Chord missionary society, the Wesleyan Methodist, and the Catholic. To the north were the Hausa kingdoms and the Bornu Empire. Lawsuit to Protect Historical Records (December 2020) ... Background Readings; Nigeria: Four Regions at the Time of Independence. Toyin Falola and Matthew Heaton describe their project as ‘a general background survey of the broad themes of Nigeria’s history from the beginnings … Nigeria: History, Geography, Government, and Culture- Infoplease.com. It is the most populous country in Africa and its economy is considered one of the fastest growing in the world. Events occurring before the invention of writing systems are considered prehistory. There were very promising signs about Nigeria’s economy after the country gained independence from Britain. 422 0 obj <>stream Nigeria is divided into 36 states and one territory for local administration. %%EOF Long after the desert pushed those populations south, Niger became a fixture on the trans-Saharan trade route. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is known today as Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire. The capital was moved from Lagos to Abuja due to political divisions, geographical constraints, and ethnic tensions. Cultism is defined as the activities or practices of a group of people with one common spiritual, religious or philosophical belief. In 1885, the British claimed a sphere of influence over Nigeria and in 1886, the Royal Niger Company was established. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Several dominant themes in Nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary Nigerian politics and society. The Present. endstream endobj startxref Its land borders are with Benin to the west, Cameroon, and Chad to the east and Niger to the north. 2. Nigeria. Political corruption remained throughout the late 1970s and into the 1980s though and 1983, the Second Republic government as it came to be known was overthrown. These skilled artisans and ironworkers flourished between the fourth century B.C. The Central Bank has branches in all the state capitals and provides guidelines to all commercial and merchant banks in the country. The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the 1890s. In October 1960, it came when it was established as a federation of three regions with a parliamentary government. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. Nigeria - Nigeria - Resources and power: Nigeria has a variety of both renewable and nonrenewable resources, some of which have not yet been effectively tapped. Key Events, Characteristics and themes of postcolonial Nigeria Overview Rather than simply organizing a chronological analysis of post-colonial Nigeria, it is more helpful to identify key themes of the “Gatekeeper state” in relation to the historical backdrop of the country and several key events in the late 20th century (Cooper 2002, 173-174). The central region has hills and plateaus. as shown in archaeological records. Assess the impacts of these philosophies on the overall educational progress of our nation; ... from British and America schools with little attempt to use local materials in the teaching of the subjects like history and geography. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. In more recent developments, geography has become a distinct academic discipline. For example, when 'travel' is used in the sense 'to be away,' as in ... but a modification of the verb 'to travel. Finally, in 1995, Nigeria began to transition into a civilian rule. Western or formal education was started in Nigeria in 1842 — only at the primary level — by the Christian missionaries who managed the educational system according to their respective philosophies. Nigeria's government is considered a federal republic and it has a legal system based on English common law, Islamic law (in its northern states) and traditional laws. as shown in archaeological records. Nigeria is a West African country occupying an area of 923,769 sq. Governor Bernard Bourdillion The history of Federalism in Nigeria can be traced to the division of the country into three provinces (Northern Province, Western Province and Eastern Province) by Governor Bernard Bourdillion in 1939. 1. First, the spread of Islam, predominantly in the north but later in southwestern Nigeria as well, began a millennium ago. 1960. In 1882, the colonial government brought a document- Education ordinance, with the aim of having total control on education. 1472 | Portuguese navigators reach Nigerian coast. The original homeland of the Bantu community of people is believed to have been West Africa along the boundary of what is today Nigeria and Cameroon. Nigeria covers an area of 356,669 square miles (923,768 square kilometers), or about twice the size of California. In the southeast, there are mountains while the north consists mainly of plains. 385 0 obj <> endobj History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past. 3. Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, and just north of the equator. Size: Nigeria has an area of 923,768 square kilometers, including about 13,000 square kilometers of water. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. In 1963 however, Nigeria proclaimed itself a federal republic and drafted a new constitution. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. the Department of Geography, University of Nigeria, Nsukka in 1981 as Lecturer and then rose from the ranks to become what I am today. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … Nigeria's other industries include coal, tin, columbite, rubber products, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, and steel. Nigeria is a country located in West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf of Guinea. Following the civil war, Nigeria focused on economic development and in 1977, after several more years of government instability, the country drafted a new constitution. A History of Nigeria is an impressive book, the more so because its ambitions initially appear straightforward. In more recent developments, geography has become a distinct academic discipline. View Images. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. Nigeria has no shortage of arable land overall, but there is an extreme shortage of farmland in the most densely settled areas of the southeastern states and around Kano, Katsina, and Sokoto. 1861 | Britain establishes the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. History of Nigeria’s economy dated back to before independence on October 1960. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. (1 June 2010). History. As we know,agriculture is majorly divided into crop farming and animal rearing.The focus here is mainly on technology involving crop farming. The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. In 1900, the area became controlled by the British government and in 1914 it became the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. Year | Type of event. The history of Nigeria can be traced back to as early as 11,000 BC when a number of ancient African communities inhabited the area that now makes Nigeria. Nigeria's climate also varies but the center and the south are tropical due to their locations near the equator, while the north is arid. The city is approximately 300 miles (480 km) northeast of Lagos, the former capital (until 1991). Truth is colonialism plays a big role in the history of Nigeria’s economy. Within the last five decades, GIS has evolved from a concept to a science. Discuss the background to the development of educational policies in Nigeria; 2. H. C. Darby, The Draining of the Fens (Cambridge, 1940). Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htmWikipedia.com. The Oyo expanded over the next several centuries to cover much of the southwest area. After decades of vacillating between periods of military rule and democracy, punctuated by coups, the Nigerian Fourth Republic began as General Abdusalami Abubakar peacefully handed over power to Olusegun Obasanjo after democratic elections. Nigeria's agricultural products are cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams, rubber, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, timber, and fish. Shell in Nigeria. endstream endobj 386 0 obj <>/Metadata 53 0 R/Outlines 405 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/PageMode/UseOutlines/Pages 380 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 66 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 387 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 2/Type/Page>> endobj 388 0 obj <>stream h�b```b``���s��(�����q�č��0�e�XFPE��_��2,�N�82�d � Y��b,P T852422�a�g�$O�I�* � @����@�9@���X�H�1H�Q�����iQd�MB:�����T1��3�6``�r�����b��X+�Y�V�E�{C�N 0 �0� Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. On May 5, 2010, Yar'Adua died and Goodluck Jonathan became the president of Nigeria on May 6. It also has a bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Definition of cultism. 0 'Geography' derives from the Greek γεωγραφία – geographia, literally "Earth-writing", that is, description or writing about the Earth. Within this given geographic, economic and cultural context the development of literacy, the culture of reading and the basic development of technology in Nigeria will be briefly examined before moving on to the main focus, the development and implementation of ICTs in Nigeria’s libraries during the past two decades. It is bordered on the west by Benin, on the north by Niger and Chad, and on the east by Cameroon. Discuss fully, the process of norms and skills acquisition in the Nigeria societies and examine the impact of the system among the present day Nigeria. Geography affects culture through topographical features such as mountains or deserts as well as climate, which can dictate options for clothing, shelter and food. In 1976 all foreign banks were compelled to sell 60 percent of their shares to Nigerians. Special education in Nigeria has a fairly short history, only becoming a public concern in 1975. First discuss the historical, ethnic, linguistic, and religious background of Yugoslavia, and then examine the conflicts of the 1990s, including the reasons for their occurrence and what has been done to … Throughout the 1960s, Nigeria's government was unstable as it underwent several governmental overthrows; its prime minister was assassinated and was engaged in a civil war. During the 1980s the new capital city was built and developed on the grass-covered Chukuku Hills. The word Early History: All evidence suggests the early settlement of Nigeria millennia before the spread of agriculture 3,000 years ago. Abuja, city, capital of Nigeria. In what way do you think the traditional system of education is relevant to the poverty In 1999 a new constitution and in May of that same year, Nigeria became a democratic nation after years of political instability and military rule. Brief History of Education in Nigeria Long before the Europeans arrived, education had been part of Nigerians. The greatest and the well-known empire that ruled the region before the British arrived was the Benin Empire whose ruler was known as Oba of Benin. Origin/ The Bantu Peoples History . In 1989, the Third Republic began and in the early 1990s, government corruption remained and there were several attempts to again overthrown the government. It lies in the central part of Nigeria, in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT; created 1976). Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. (n.d.). The history of Boko Haram cannot be disentangled from the immense political change Nigeria underwent during the 1999 transition to democracy. But in 1872, they started to intervene in the education system by giving donations to the missionary societies to support education.. Below is a list of the 20 biggest companies in Nigeria, it shows the impact of foreign TNCs but also that Nigeria has its own home grown massive businesses. British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. Let us take a look at the history of cultism in Nigeria and how it all began. However, Nigeria’s most diverse feature is its people. Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html, Infoplease.com. I am currently the first and only female Professor of Transportation Geography in Nigeria. Geography. The Children were taught about their culture, social activities, survival skills and work. Discuss the background to the development of educational policies in Nigeria; 2. Organized as a loose federation of self-governing states, the independent nation faced the overwhelming task of unifying a country with 250 ethnic and linguistic groups. Umaru Yar'Adua then became the president of Nigeria and he vowed to reform the country's elections, fight its crime problems and continue working on economic growth. The group of individuals involved in these practices is known as a cult. BRIEF HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN NIGERIA. Most such usages cut across all first-language backgrounds. She was represented by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, the Nigerian Governor-General, while Tafawa Balewa became the Prime Minister. A History of Nigeria is an impressive book, the more so because its ambitions initially appear straightforward. BACKGROUND 1.1 Geography and History of Nigeria The Federal Republic of Nigeria is located on the coast of West Africa. On Oct. 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence, becoming a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and joining the United Nations. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. Understanding geomorphology is therefore essential to understanding one of the most popular divisions of geography. GEOGRAPHY Location: Nigeria is located in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea between Benin and Cameroon. Most of these education processes were impacted into the children informally; a few of these societies gave a more formal teaching of the society and culture. There were very promising signs about Nigeria’s economy after the country gained independence from Britain. Today, Nigeria can be described as a nation with educated individuals and it is estimated that over 78 percent of the male population are educated while that of the women stands at 64 percent. Identify the problems (if any) militating against the realization of the intent of the educational planners over the years and what could possibly be done to solve these problems. Nigeria's main ethnic groups are Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba. They bring European medicine, first to satisfy their own need. Background & History of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) By Amy Carmosino Last updated: 4 Apr 2020 ~ 3 min read. Nigeria is a large country that has a varied topography. Education in Nigeria today is in a decline that can be traced back to the 80s and the 90s. Prompts About the History of Nigeria: Definitions Prompt: Provide the definitions of the terms that are in bold from the lesson (Atlantic slave trade, indirect rule, Boko Haram). Robin Butlin, Historical Geography: Through the Gates of Space and Time (London, 1993), pp. 393 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6312FDACFCE9699E4879E3054368E536>]/Index[385 38]/Info 384 0 R/Length 65/Prev 108020/Root 386 0 R/Size 423/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream As at independence, the Queen of England was still the head of state of Nigeria. In the 19th century, this changed to the trading of goods like palm oil and timber. 1880 | The first healthcare facility in Nigeria is a dispensary opened by the Church Missionary Society. In ancient and pre-colonial times, the area of present-day Nigeria was occupied by a great diversity of ethnic groups with very different languages and traditions. But as a science, geography is relatively young and many of its fundamentals appear during the nineteenth century. hެ�mO�0���?‡֎;��"���I�PӍiU?�Դ�ҤJ��~wNܵ�h ˽���. H. C. Darby, Domesday England (Cambridge, 1977). History of Healthcare in Nigeria. The Sokoto Plains and the Borno Plains are located in the northwestern and … Nigeria finally became an independent nation on October 1 st, 1960. This is entirely within the tropical zone. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Solar energy, probably the most extensive of the underutilized renewable resources, is likely to remain untapped for some time. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Olusegun Obasanjo was the first president during this time and he worked to improve Nigeria's infrastructure, the government's relationship with its people and its economy. Central Intelligence Agency. In the south the Yoruba kingdom of the Oyo developed around 1400. University education in Nigeria from the beginning seemed to be a mirage for Nigerians, with lack of interest demonstrated by the Christian Missionaries who first started giving education and subsequent involvement of the colonial government who History of Technology in Nigeria Agricultural Sector This is a vast area due to the numerous branches of agriculture practiced in Nigeria with the various technologies employed to drive them. The farther back we go into history, the more important geography was to the outcome of a conflict. The country's landscape features plains in the north and south. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. Lagos, which was designated the capital shortly after the British established the unified colony of Nigeria in 1900, was situated in the southwestern corner of the nation in a region heavily dominated by Yoruba Christians. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in Africa), and its oil and other natural resources. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. Geography Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Cambridge, 1977 ) on education as we know, agriculture is majorly into! Africa, along the Atlantic Ocean 's Gulf of Guinea on October 1 st, 1960 and rearing.The! One common spiritual, religious or philosophical belief labour costs as a science, geography, government and. Time ( London, 1993 ), or about twice the size of Niger. An impressive book, the Draining of the Senate and the House of Representatives, but unrecognized. Expanded over the next Several centuries to cover much of the southwest area document- education ordinance, the! 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