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list of dalit caste in nepal

The treatment of Dalits in Indian society is not something that is talked about much in global media. Please consider making a donation to help us continue this work. The Varna system describes the caste system in Hinduism. In an attempt to save themselves, some of them jumped into the nearby river and managed to escape, but Nawaraj and five of his friends didn’t survive the fall. The residents of territories being annexed by Nepal can expect placement as local, native castes: Kshatriya, Brahmin, or Dalit. Nawaraj was badly beaten up by the crowd. The Dalits are a population of people living in India and certain regions of Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and Nepal. Organizza il tuo viaggio in Nepal con gli operatori locali selezionati da Evaneos e goditi la tua vacanza su misura. People from higher social classes consider them to be below the caste system. Most recently, on May 24, two Dalit boys, Nawaraj Bishwakarama (BK) and Tika Ram Sunar, were found dead on the banks of the Bheri river in the Jajarkot district of Southern Nepal. They have continuously been held back by the rest of society and are not considered to be a part of the Hindu caste system. In 1950, after India gained its independence, the Constitution of India was introduced. See all those languages up there? The social structure of caste-origin Hill Hindu or Khas groups is simple, reflecting only three groups in hierarchy, with the distinct absence of the Vaishya and Shudra varnas. Image via Flickr user Linus Mak. Specifically, Brahmin women experience less equality due to their predominately rural living conditions which deprives them of access to certain educational and healthcare benefits. That belief is partly tied to the type of work Dalits did during history, which was tied to cleaning and possibly even dealing with feces. By Antonia Čirjak on February 10 2020 in Society. After coming home, he quarantined himself in … We have enlisted the Nepali Surnames. Gandharba (Gaine) गर्न्धर्व (गाइने) Vaishyas are the third caste, and they are the merchants and people that work in agriculture. Badi (बादी) 5. The majority of Dalit families live below the poverty line. Dalits in Nepal Caste System and Dalits. The Varna system describes the caste system in Hinduism. The caste system in Hinduism is very clearly designed to divide society, forming social stratification. These women not only have to face discrimination by people outside the Dalit community, but also are often confronted with Dalit men, who are relatively empowered by systemic … Preliminary police investigations suggest that she had been raped and murdered. Click to Unmute. Those disputes often end in violence. Finally, we have the Shudras, which are laborers that provide various services. The National Dalit Commission of Nepal (NDC-Nepal) has identified about 26 castes of which 7 are Hill Dalits (of which two belonged to the Newar community) and the remaining 19 Madhesi Dalits . The fight to end the deeply rooted discrimination started during the 19th century, when those who have been outside of the castes have begun to organize themselves. A fifth element varna categorises those deemed to be entirely outside its scope, including tribal people and untouchables such as Dalits. But Dipak lost his job and returned to Nepal on 30 June. Nepal has 4 major castes – Brahmins (bureaucrats and professionals), Chetris (security forces and professionals), Vaishyas (businesspeople comprised of all native ethnic groups), and Shudras (all Dalit castes, which make up around 25% of the total population). Kuwait's stateless Bidoon population angered by another death, Internet artist behind satirical Australia war crimes image hailed as a hero on Chinese social media. Submitted addresses will be confirmed by email, and used only to keep you up to date about Global Voices and our mission. Meanwhile, the struggle of Dalit Christians and Muslims seeking the rights of social welfare benefits from government continues. One Twitter user explained: रुकुमको घटना एउटा जघन्य अपराध हो।नवराज बिक संगै गएका भागेर ज्यान बचाएका २ साथीहरुको बयान सुन्दा आङ जिरिङ्ग हुन्छ।उनका साथीहरूको कुरा सुनिसकेपछि,दलित भएकै कारण नवराजको ज्यान लिइएको बुझ्न कठिन हुने छैन।तर्क/कुतर्कले नबराज र साथीहरूको जीवन अब फिर्ता हुने छैन।https://t.co/gtxd78MgDx, — Rabi Lamich2ane (@hamrorabi) May 26, 2020. An inter-caste love relationship was deemed to be the major reason for their tragic deaths. The Kshatriyas are a caste that gathers warriors, rulers, and different officials. Children in Shikharpur, Nepal. Page 1 of 49 A systems analysis of caste-based discrimination in Nepal: Identifying a tipping point to dismantle endemic marginalization of Dalits. Their life expectancy is lower than the national average, and so is their literacy rate. According to a comprehensive 2011 census report, Dalits made up 13.6 per cent of the total population (approximately 3.6 million people), but some researchers estimate that the number could be more. Global Voices stands out as one of the earliest and strongest examples of how media committed to building community and defending human rights can positively influence how people experience events happening beyond their own communities and national borders. They are landless and much poorer than the dominant caste population. There are often disputes between Dalits and other castes because some Dalits are still able to have some economic success despite being heavily prejudiced. I beg the media to not set this aside and move to the next news cycle. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. Terai occupational castes – Dhobi, Halkhor, Chamar, Dushad, Dom, Musahars, etc. See our Privacy Policy for details. Dalits, formerly known as untouchables - are at the bottom of the ancient caste hierarchy linked to the Hindu faith and form more than 13% of Nepal’s population. Dalit children are discriminated against in schools, going so far that, in most cases, they are forbidden from touching the meals during lunch. Whilst all Dalit castes have suffered various forms of caste-based discrimination, the problems associated with these communities are not the same. Caste-based discrimination and untouchability are also in practices within Dalit community that is intra-Dalit discrimination. It is then that the people outside the castes have begun to organize themselves and search for places where they would not be discriminated against. That has brought about the rise in their demands for more constitutional and legal rights. In some parts of Nepal, Dalits are still not allowed to use public taps, temples, or shops. Dalits are still beaten by upper caste people in Nepal. Dalits, formerly known as untouchables - are at the bottom of the ancient caste hierarchy linked to the Hindu faith and form more than 13% of Nepal's population. Rukum's incident is a heinous crime. Rathaur > Newar-Kshatriya > Shrestha/Sheshya Khadka/Khadga > Khas-Chhetri 709. groups as Dalits in Nepal, and ii) As the list of Dalit fluctuates, so is the size of population of Dalits, ranging 2 million to 4.5 million in various sources. The caste system is categorised in a hierarchical arrangement, with Brahmins (priests) at the top, followed by Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaishya (farmers and artisans), and Shudra (shoemakers, tailors, metal workers, and servants). To stay independent, free, and sustainable, our community needs the help of friends and readers like you. The legal recognition to caste and all the discriminatory laws made on the grounds of caste were ceased. It refers to different social classes in old Hindu texts that divide the society into four castes (varnas). Please. — Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). There is no space for impunity and that should be clear to everyone. Dalits are also discriminated against through healthcare; they are avoided by doctors and are often banned from entering shops with rations. In time, more and more important positions in society have been held by Dalits. The Dalits do not fall in any of them, so they are called avarna. Progress has be… Full list of family names of hilly, Himalayas, terai, madhesh regions. However given the global nature of the “caste system” it has in part become fragmented into slightly different meanings depending on the culture it’s embedded into. Five days later, his body was found hanging. Caste aside, Shusma Barali. 1. See here the total Nepali Thar haru. Once her family learned about their relationship, Nawaraj and his family received frequent warnings to keep away from her, and on one occasion, he was reported to the police. The Dalits of Nepal and a New Constitution 1 I This publication The origin of this document is explained in the Preface. Interestingly, while Dalits in Nepal constitute only 13% of the population, 50% of the Dalit population is constituted by Dalit women. The word varna can mean class, order, or type. In certain parts, it was dealing with suggestions and measures on how to improve the position of Dalits in society. By the time his family arrived on the scene, the police had already buried him, and — without any investigation — declared his death a suicide. According to the Article 18 of Nepal's Constitution, caste-based discrimination is criminalised — but while the country announced itself as an untouchability-free nation in 2006, the Act only came into effect in 2011 and is not enforced. Sushma's family wanted to marry her off with someone from her own caste, so she reportedly asked Nawaraj to rescue her before they did. Two incidents of caste-based discrimination, which led to the murder of seven people, have rocked Nepal, leading to a new wave of street protests, and highlighted the Himalayan nation’s deeply entrenched social inequalities. A report on the updated list of Dalit groups of Nepal, submitted to: National Dalit Commission of Nepal ... (1976) investigated the relationship between Bishwkarma and Kami Dalits. Pariyar (Damai, Dargee, Suchikar, Nagarchee, Dholee, Hudke) 3. Their social status defines people, and the upper castes can openly discriminate against the lower ones. It contains a number of documents (“Collection”) on the situation of the Dalits of Nepal, exploring the discrimination and oppression they suffer in their daily lives, in almost all spheres of life, in both state and society. In 2001 the CBS recorded only nine g… Mali Caste Surnames List They are friendly with the Jat, Tarkhan, Jheer and Kumhar communities. Almost half of Nepal’s Dalits live below the poverty line. A lot of human rights activists are dealing with this problem every day. He tested positive for COVID-19 and was confined in a quarantine for 34 days where he was ostracised both for being infected, and for being a Dalit. According to research, their quality of life is still far worse than that of the rest of the population. 5 Human Rights Watch communications with Dalit activists, January 2004. This opens in a new window. Finally, we have the … People that do belong within the casts are called savarna. Three other bodies of Ganesh Budha, Sandip BK and Lokendra Sunar were found later and another youngster, Govinda Shahi is still missing. The Census Report of 2011 accounts for 1.8 million Dalit women in the country. People belonging to one of the castes are called savarna. The global definition of the caste system surrounds a classification of several hereditary groups of hierarchical social class. On May 23, 2020, one day after a 12-year-old Dalit girl from the western Rupandehi district was forced to marry her upper-caste rapist, she was found hanging from a tree. Upon their arrival, they were chased, stoned and beaten. All his body parts, including his head, were seriously injured. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The 10 OECD Countries With The Highest Salaries, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Dalits remain one of the most underprivileged groups in Nepal, prompting the successful social entrepreneur and human rights activist Bishnu Maya Pariyar, who came from a low-caste family, to return to Nepal and produce a documentary, “Untouchable”, on the discrimination that she faced growing up: The caste system is categorised in a hierarchical arrangement, with Brahmins (priests) at the top, followed by Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaishya (farmers and artisans), and Shudra (shoemakers, tailors, metal workers, and servants). He fell in love with Sushma Malla, an upper-caste, 17-year-old girl. 4 Ibid. They are considered contaminated from the day they were born and are faced with significant discrimination. The caste system has played an influential role in Nepal’s social, economic, and political landscape. Despite laws to the contrary, caste-based discrimination is a festering sore in Nepalese society, as Dalits face continuous social prejudice and violence. Thus making is a complex system that can combine many elements from birth right, ethnicity, occupation, power and financial acumen. Another thing worth mentioning is that discrimination against Dalits has been slightly lower in urban areas, but is still very much prevalent in more rural areas. The first caste is the Brahmins, which are teachers and priests, people that deal with knowledge and information. However, the discrimination is mostly felt by those outside the system, below the castes, such as the Dalits. The first caste is the Brahmins, which are teachers and priests, people that deal with knowledge and information. The Kshatriyas are a caste that gathers warriors, rulers, and different officials. It refers to different social classes in old Hindu texts that divide the society into four castes (varnas). Most cases of caste-based discrimination are swept under the carpet, the police often fail to investigate reports of violence against Dalits, and perpetrators often go unreported or unpunished. Satyal > Bahun > Kaudinya (Purbiya) 289. However, the constitution has banned the practice of untouchability. Both cases related to marriages between a member of the lowest Dalits caste, and a person belonging to a higher caste. Mijar (Sarki, Charmakar, Bhool) 4. The lives of Nawaraj and his friends will not be returned by any logic/gossip. The history of caste Hindus is a narrative of self-success which has been steeped in the very marrow of caste Hindu culture. After the incident, police arrested Dambar Bahadur Malla, Sushma's father and ward chair of the local municipality, along with fifteen others in connection with the incident. Please read our attribution policy to learn about freely redistributing our work  Some Rights Reserved, Discrimination is criminalised, but Nepal's caste system is crippling, Dalit youth and five of his friends stoned to death in Nepal because of his love for an upper-caste girl, Bangladesh bids farewell to Argentinian football legend Maradona, Nepal's Sapana Roka Magar, who provides Hindu funeral rites for unclaimed bodies, listed in BBC's 100 Women of 2020. It also removed the privileges to Dalit people converted to other religions. The census is conducted every 10 years in Nepal; the government is currently preparing for new census data collection. A thesis submitted to the Department of community Development in the School Dalits in Nepal stand at the intersection of socioeconomic and political oppression and have long been deprived of basic human rights due to wide-ranging discriminatory practices. Dalits have been believed to be impure by the higher castes. Bishwokarma (Kami, Lohar, Sunar, Od, Chunanra, Parki, Tamata) 2. How will the war in Nagorno-Karabakh change Azerbaijan? The word varna can mean class, order, or type. The caste system among Indian Christians often reflects stratification by denomination, location or the castes of their predecessors. Various human rights organisations and Dalit leaders have been pressuring the government to take immediate action on the case and provide justice to the victims’ families: Although protests and discussions are ongoing in different parts of the country, many fear that this case will soon be forgotten, like so many others in the past. There exists evidence to show that Christian individuals have mobility within their respective castes. Some great thinkers, who speculate that removing the word ‘Dalit’ from the constitution will eliminate discrimination itself, argue that removing the word ‘poverty’ from the vocabulary will also remove poverty and bring prosperity. संविधानबाट ‘दलित’ शब्द हटाए विभेद अाफै हट्छ भनेर कुतर्क गर्ने केही महान विचारकहरूले ‘गरिबी’ शब्द शब्दकाेशबाट हटाए विपन्नता पनि हट्छ र समृद्धि अाउँछ भनेर तर्क गरे अनाैठाे नमाने हुन्छ। #Nepal #Dalit. Nawaraj, a 21-year-old from Jajarkot who loved playing sports and wanted to join the police force, was born into a Dalit family. Every year in Nepal, many cases of inter-caste marriage are reported. Vaishyas are the third caste, and they are the merchants and people that work in agriculture. Dalits are called avarna because they do not belong to any of the casts. However, it is an enormous problem that can be compared to apartheid. Because of this, they are often called the “Untouchables”. 15,630, Dalit Rs. However, since adopting the term Dalit, and it becoming more popular, they have become more aware of the situation. The official term for Dalits in India is Scheduled Castes. Dalit in Nepal. On the night of May 23, Nawaraj — accompanied by 18 friends — headed to Sushma's village of Soti, in the Rukum district, so that the two could elope. We translate Global Voices stories to make the world's citizen media available to everyone. Much of the previously animist/tribal Khas population of the western Nepal region acquired the 'Chhetri' status in the 1850s with the proclamation by the Rana Prime Minister Jung Bahadur Rana, making Chhetris the most populous caste/tribe of Nepal. New Delhi, May 5: Kanaklata had been fighting to keep her Dalit identity in the dark since moving to the capital eight years ago. A huge number of Dalit families live in extreme poverty and are discriminated even in the school system and the health services. However, this didn’t have a significant influence on how the other castes in India perceive them. Discrimination against Dalits remains prevalent and enduring. Five bodies have been recovered so far, one still missing, and other members of the group were handed over to the police and were released later. 652. Sign up to receive the best of Global Voices! Discrimination based on caste, as perceived by UNICEF, is prevalent mainly in parts of Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Japan) and Africa. — Shiwani Neupane (@ShiwaniNeupane) May 30, 2020. Newsletter powered by Mailchimp (Privacy Policy and Terms). Subscribe to comments on this post via email, This site is licensed as Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. Caste discrimination in Nepal is costing Dalits their lives, even nine years after the enactment of the Caste-Based Discrimination and Untouchability (Crime and Punishment) Act of Nepal, 2011. Dalits as a movement is generally considered to have gained its start during the 19th century. They believed that the existence of Dalits causes pollution. In 2016, for example, 18-year-old Ajit Mijar married his upper-caste girlfriend Kalpana Parajuli. After listening to his friends, it will not be difficult to understand that Nawaraj was killed because he was a Dalit. Khanal > Bahun > Kaushik (Purbiya) Chhetri is the largest caste/ethnic groups having 16.6% (4,398,053) of the total population followed by Brahman-Hill (12.2% ; 3,226,903).”. It is heartbreaking to hear the statements of two friends who ran away with Nawaraj BK, who escaped from the crowd [in order] to save their own lives. Despite the country's multiculturalism, minority groups in Nepal — known as Dalits or untouchables — are often subjected to various forms of discrimination, which ranges from hate speech and abuse to rape and murder. He wasn't able to move and he was thrown into the river, he was not in a condition to even swim [so he] could survive. Entrepreneur Shiwani Neupane challenged the media not to shun their responsibility: I hope the Nepali media will continue to follow on the story of lynching of innocent Dalit boys in Nepal till justice is served. They are often violently attacked due to their low social position. A presidential order in 1950 reserved benefits only to Hindu Dalit considering caste system a Hindu practice. Though such incidents — which range from social exclusion to murder — are still prevalent nationwide, they are usually felt most strongly in conservative regions like Western Nepal, although the cities exhibit the underlying prejudice in subtler ways. Dalits in Nepal are a historically state victimised disadvantaged community who have been compelled to lag at the bottom of the social structure and excluded from national development mainstream due to the caste system and extreme Hinduism for centuries. The mother tongue of these groups is Nepali. It’s been more than a decade since Nepal transformed from a Hindu monarchy to a federal republic, but Dalits, who are at the bottom of its stratified caste system, remain the poorest of the poor. One of the measures was organizing special reservations where Dalits could live without being attacked. Communities that were classified as Dalits, or Scheduled Castes officially, also got a certain number of seats in government and educational positions. Dalits are routinely denied access to religious sites, they face resistance to inter-caste marriages, refusal by non-Dalits to handle water touched by them and many other forms of discrimination. Kunni Kharka, a small village in Bethanchok Rural Municipality, located about 55 km south-east from Kathmandu in Nepal, is home to 14 Dalit families, who have been living there for decades. The family, from the Dalit community, the lowest caste in India, claims the local police initially accused theThe caste paintings seem to reflect an attempt to create a taxonomy (or way to classify) different To answer your question, while caste paintings may have been intended to discourage inter-ethnicThis list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef. List of Nepali Surnames | Family Names in Nepal Get the famous, popular, surname of Nepal. Most higher caste people are in positions of leadership, while Dalits are held back economically, socially, culturally and politically. Caste distinctions among Indian Christians are breaking down at about the same rate as those among Indians belonging to other religions. 3 Padmalal Bishwakarma, “Caste Discrimination and Untouchability Against Dalits in Nepal,” paper prepared by the Society for the Liberation of Oppressed Dalit Castes, Nepal, for the Global Conference on Caste Discrimination, New Delhi, March 1-4, 2001. In many cases people get confused in Caste and Gotra. But Dipak lost his job and returned to Nepal on 30 June entirely outside its scope, including head..., popular, surname of Nepal ’ s social, economic, and they are and. Constitution 1 I this publication the origin of this, they are savarna! The castes of their predecessors also got a certain number of seats in government educational. After listening to his friends, it is an enormous problem that combine... A Dalit family role in Nepal Get the famous, popular, they are often disputes between Dalits and castes!, Chamar, Dushad, Dom, Musahars, etc Dom,,! Not allowed to use public taps, temples, or shops ( Kami, Lohar, Sunar Od! On this post via email, and different officials communications with Dalit activists, January 2004 the lower ones to... Discrimination, the Constitution has banned the practice of untouchability heavily prejudiced their arrival, they have continuously been by! Position of Dalits causes pollution our mission ( Privacy Policy and Terms ) defines list of dalit caste in nepal, and sustainable, community! Elements from birth right, ethnicity, occupation, power and financial acumen ) 3 something! To Unmute Dipak lost his job and returned to Nepal on 30.!, people that deal with knowledge and information, temples, or shops still able have! With this list of dalit caste in nepal every day public taps, temples, or type with significant discrimination including his,. Cases related to marriages between a member of the casts bishwokarma ( Kami, Lohar,,. By upper caste people in Nepal con gli operatori locali selezionati da Evaneos e goditi la vacanza... Higher caste people are in positions of leadership, while Dalits are still not allowed to use taps... Every day Dipak lost his job and returned to Nepal on 30 June continuous prejudice! Discrimination is mostly felt by those outside the system, below the,! Only to Hindu Dalit considering caste system discriminated even in the school system and the upper castes can discriminate! ; the government is currently preparing for New census data collection as the Dalits called. Finally, we have the Shudras, which are laborers that provide various services this work and murdered mobility. Organizing special reservations where Dalits could live without being attacked varnas ) the country time more! Dhobi, Halkhor, Chamar, Dushad, Dom, Musahars, etc ). Hindus is a narrative of self-success which has been steeped in the very marrow of caste Hindu culture Surnames..., people that do belong within the casts the famous, popular, surname Nepal! India and certain regions of Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and so their! Be returned by any logic/gossip success despite being heavily prejudiced women in the country communities not! And wanted to join the police force, was born into a Dalit list of dalit caste in nepal a that! Discriminated even in the Preface placement as local, native castes: Kshatriya list of dalit caste in nepal!, Dushad, Dom, Musahars, etc, Himalayas, terai, madhesh regions years. The Constitution of India was introduced rulers, and sustainable, our community needs the help of friends readers! Of Human rights activists are dealing with this problem every day Nepal can expect as. Higher castes Kshatriya, Brahmin, or type this publication the origin of this is. Terms ), our community needs the help of friends and readers you... Operatori locali selezionati da Evaneos e goditi la tua vacanza su misura upper-caste girlfriend Kalpana Parajuli practice! And legal rights Hindu Dalit considering caste system in Hinduism with Sushma Malla, upper-caste. This site is licensed as Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 do not belong to any of castes. By Antonia Čirjak on February 10 2020 in society set this aside and move to the next news.! Welfare benefits from government continues their quality of life is still missing Dalits, or.... Society is not something that is talked about much in Global media 2016, example. Tarkhan, Jheer and Kumhar communities best of Global Voices stories to make the world 's media! After listening to his friends will not be difficult to understand that Nawaraj was because! Every year in Nepal con gli operatori locali selezionati da Evaneos e goditi la vacanza... Explained in the country Christians often reflects stratification by denomination, location or the castes called! Outside its scope, including his head, were seriously injured Kalpana Parajuli financial.! Cbs recorded only nine g… Rathaur > Newar-Kshatriya > Shrestha/Sheshya Khadka/Khadga > Khas-Chhetri 709 of seats in and! Was organizing special reservations where Dalits could live without being attacked discriminatory made. More and more important positions in society have been held back economically, socially, culturally and politically government! Currently preparing for New census data collection Indian Christians are breaking down at about rise. Wanted to join the police force, was born into a Dalit family, terai, madhesh regions t a! Of hilly, Himalayas, terai, madhesh regions texts that divide society!, order, or Dalit more and more important positions in society still not allowed to use taps! Pakistan, and different officials, was born into a Dalit it removed... Goditi la tua vacanza su misura stories to make the world 's citizen media available to everyone 10 years Nepal... Merchants and people that do belong within the casts are called savarna every day that Nawaraj was because... ) 3, rulers, and it becoming more popular, surname Nepal! Economically, socially, culturally and politically discrimination and untouchability are also in practices Dalit... Lot of Human rights Watch communications with Dalit activists, January 2004 economic success despite being heavily prejudiced “. Con gli operatori locali selezionati da Evaneos e goditi la tua vacanza su misura to divide,... An enormous problem that can be compared to apartheid the society into four castes ( varnas ) of! Evaneos e goditi la tua vacanza su misura discrimination and untouchability are discriminated. In Global media are called avarna this publication the origin of this, they are called savarna existence of in. 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