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how to support a claim in an essay

 It describes the techniques of outlining and mapping a paragraph for greater understanding. A thesis is the central claim or main argument of an essay. This is a dead-end claim because it’s purely based on opinion. Insert the thesis sentence(s) you developed earlier into this first paragraph. You have my vote. Be specific about what you’re claiming, and consider breaking your claim into multiple claims if it covers too much area. A clear argument gives your essay structure. If you’re going to challenge something that has long been considered fact, you must be able to back it up with research. In and Out burgers are the best fast-food hamburgers. To the right, the tall peak of The Matterhorn rose even higher. So it’s important that you have a solid grasp of what a thesis statement is and how to best formulate it, which is why we’ve spent so much time on the subject here at the Kibin blog. A solution claim, also referred to as a claim of policy, takes the previous category a step further. The purpose of most essays is to tackle a debatable topic. Good writers use concrete, specific details, and relevant information to construct mental images for their readers. This is a sad fact of life. Good writers select only the details that will support their focus, deleting irrelevant information. Fact Proof – Includes statistics and objective information. These are the parts that will flesh out your argument and support the claim you made in your thesis statement. Gore, D'Angelo. Depending on the assignment and subject, you paper could have more than three claims or only one. * All the following information, data, and sources are made-up. In a good argumentative essay, a writer attempts to persuade readers to understand and support their point of view about a topic by stating their reasoning and providing evidence to back it up. Between the two, you will have three body paragraphs, each one focused on supporting one of your claims. Write your claim in a right way Choose what you can prove. Again, it must be debatable. So needless to say, your claims should not have a broad focus. What is Evidence? “The earth is actually flat” is not a valid claim. Some ways that writers “show, don’t tell” include the following: Information is the key to developing support and elaboration in the expository (essay) genres — informational, critical, and argumentative writing. Jared is a Kibin editor, a wanderer, and an ESL teacher. For example, let’s say your paper is focusing on climate change and the dangers that it poses. Rather, you need to develop an interesting perspective that you can support and defend. For an academic claim to be worthy of a place in your essay, it should be complex, debatable, supported by research, and focused on the facts. A claim in this category must be debatable. Yet before we create our own thesis statement, it’s best that we understand the parts that make one up. Support allows a claim to be verified, proven, and convincing to an audience. It looks good, but it’s not going to work like you want it to. Addressing readers’ potential counterarguments will make your essay and your claims even stronger. There are several different styles of evidence (or proof). The main purpose of the thesis is to do two things: Your thesis should go at the end of your introduction so that your claims can serve as a road map of the rest of your essay. I thought it was your main argument. Sufficiency, however, is not enough. You could make your own claim on the matter if you have the research to back it up. the specific arguments that make up your thesis. To dive in more deeply to the concept of supporting details, view the following video. “Baseball is the best sport” is not a valid claim because any support you come up with will be steeped in opinion. Unsupported Claims An argumentative essay is a piece of writing that takes a stance on an issue. A claim of value requires you to argue how good or how bad your topic is. Explain the warrant (how the grounds support the claim) Discuss possible rebuttals to the claim, identifying the limits of the argument and showing that you have considered alternative perspectives The Toulmin model is a common approach in academic essays. 2. A reason tells why a claim is made. No opinion allowed. Hence, a claim has to be arguable. They will ensure your claims are strong. For example, when you tell me when and where you were born, what your name is, or what you do for a living, I will usually believe you unless I have some reason to doubt you word. They also address the ways in which supporting ideas are “stacked” together inside a paragraph, with transitions to help a reader make sense of their internal relationships. Do take note that your readers can challenge your claim. It may be coincidence that Fiorina was one of the first candidates to withdraw from the race…but then again, maybe not! In narrative writing, details should be concrete: they contribute to, rather than detract from, the picture provided by the narrative. That’s where claims come in. However, many essays are shorter or longer than five paragraphs. You can talk about the quality of beef all day, but some people genuinely prefer burgers made out of crappy beef. This is called the counterclaim. A claim must be arguable but stated as a fact. As you might imagine, some types of supporting details work more appropriately than others, given the purpose of the writing overall. That’s what we’ll be talking about today. The power of information is determined less by the quantity of details than by their quality. Thus, an argumentative essay has a burden of substantiated proof and sources , whereas some other types of essays (namely persuasive essays) do not. When writing an essay, you typically need anywhere between 3 and 5 clearly structured arguments to support your cause. A strong thesis also requires solid evidence to support and develop it because without evidence, a claim is merely an unsubstantiated idea or opinion. Well, yes, it is. Consider a recent example of an unsupported claim from early in the 2016 US Presidential campaign: Carly Fiorina on several occasions has said 307,000 veterans have died while waiting for care from the Veterans Health Administration. A claim is a unifying theme of an essay. For example, there’s competing research on how and when the dinosaurs went extinct. Since most academic writing consists of a series of supported claims, learning to employ detail can greatly help writers make points effectively. Any coincidences are accidental. Remember, strong claims are the building blocks of a good thesis. In essay writing, information should be relevant to the writer’s goal and strengthen the writer’s ability to meet that goal. The report also said 84 percent of those who died, or 258,367 individuals, died more than four years ago — not last year. A claim must be argumentative. The thesis should be analytic or interpretive rather than merely descriptive or factual. It must be debatable with inquiry and evidence; it is not a personal opinion or feeling. People will usually take your word for certain kinds of claims. Although each of your claims will present an argument, not all claims will take the same approach. Just as the basic unit of all matter, the atom, can be divided into subatomic particles, the thesis statement can also be divided into parts. I mean, your thesis statement is kind of like the bedrock on which your paper will either live and breathe, or dissolve into primordial soup. More often, it involves establishing a piece of fact (also see evidence) or advocating for a judgment of value. Smoking causes cancer. In Greek Orphic tradition, Thesis, the goddess of creation, is worshiped for creating all of the matter we see in the world today. SUPPORTING CLAIM A supporting claim is any argument that, if accepted, will make it easier to prove the primary claim. This video draws a helpful distinction between main ideas and supporting details, to show the connection between the topic sentence of a paragraph and other contents in the same paragraph. The chief claim in an analytical essay is called the thesis. 1) Introduction/Claim (One paragraph) Start with a hook or attention getting sentence. Whereas value claims often argue how bad something like climate change is, a solution claim argues how we can best fix the problem. In a traditional five-paragraph essay, you’ll have an introduction at the beginning and a conclusion at the end. In other words, you need evidence to support the statements you make; also, you will need to cite your sources to prove the credibility of the data you use as supporting evidence.  Support allows a claim to be verified, proven, and convincing to an audience. That’s where claims come in.At its simplest, a claim is Sometimes, this involves making a distinct argument that only helps to prepare an audience. You’re going to want to steer clear of opinion here. If you write an argumentative essay, the thing that you write may try to change the opinion of the reader. Directions appear below. This means that an argumentative essay must use only evidence-based support to back up a claim, rather than emotional or philosophical reasoning (which is often allowed in other types of essays). The VA Office of the Inspector General report said 307,173 of nearly 867,000 pending VA applications belonged to individuals who died. For example, you could argue that mass shootings in the United States should be considered terrorist attacks. As a result, in expository writing, authors need the ability to find and use relevant information: facts, statistics, examples, and anecdotes. While writers of narratives can often rely solely on their own observations and inner resources to develop their writing, writers of expository genres have to look outside themselves for the information they need to develop their writing. If we agree that the thesis is the backbone of your essay, then the claims are the vertebrae. Because it provides a unifying theme for the rest of the essay, it typically appears early on—in shorter papers, most often within the first paragraph or two. He grew up in a really small town in Missouri with his nose in a book and a pen in his hand. Writing teachers often praise students for using a technique called a "telling detail" to lend support to a claim made in an essay. These include claims about events that you have personally participated in or observed. If your claim is boring or obvious, the rest of the paper probably will be too. Poets are especially adept at using precise details to focus on specific, concrete, observable things or experiences. You begin by researching a topic and then choose a side. The idea is that you argue one thing is another thing, even though some people don’t consider it to be. THE CLAIM Step 4: Be able to identify any fallacies and rhetoric styles the writer uses Understand the writer's purpose You must know what the writer's main intent is, in order to find the claim. If your claims are weak, the gravity of your thesis will be too. As we explain in this post about essay structure, the structure of your essay is an essential component in conveying your ideas well, and therefore in writing a great essay. Now that you know how to pick a topic for an argumentative essay and how to make a strong claim on your topic in a thesis statement, you’re ready to think about writing the other sections of an argumentative essay. Followed by supporting evidence. But while the overall gist of your thesis may be that climate change is bad, claims are the specific arguments that make up your thesis (e.g., widespread drought will lead to an increase in terrorism). Use the format of your essay to punctuate and clarify your argument. 1. There is no argument there. The Claim for Value Essay is a type of persuasive rhetoric, which argues that something has value, either aesthetically or morally. But that’s not what the report says. Take the time to explain the significance of the evidence you introduced in your essay. On the other hand, you could argue that climate change will be the greatest geopolitical crisis of your lifetime. In essay writing, this means the author finds enough information to support a thesis, and also finding information that is credible and accurate. Write an essay of at least three pages in which you make a claim about the state of the health care industry, from either the patient or the provider's perspective. A thesis is supposed to be quite narrow in its scope. Argumentation is pretty much one person trying to change another’s mind using a string of logic, personal values, and evidence. The last element of authors claim definition is defining a goal for your essay. For example, the old man down the street might think his climate change argument is perfectly logical, but that doesn’t mean it belongs in an academic essay. In the academic writing world, it feels as if we are often worshiping her ourselves. You may have noticed a few warnings interspersed with the examples above. So how does this differ from the thesis? If you’re still unsure about your draft, send it over to the editors at Kibin. The purpose of most essays is to tackle a debatable topic. To put it simply, scientific, cold facts with no opinions or personal insights count as evidence – what you do with them, how you build them up to support your case, is an argument. 2.4 Support Your Claims. For example, one could argue that the decriminalization of drugs would lower overall drug abuse rates. Support and elaboration consist of the specific details and information, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carly_Fiorina_by_Gage_Skidmore_3.jpg, http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/few/685, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, identify various forms of support that can be used in a text to validate a thesis, identify use of personal forms of support (narrative, anecdote), identify use of research-based forms of support (facts, statistics, outside authority), identify relationship between the rhetorical context of a text, and the effectiveness of the types of support used. Claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence are called arguments. The claim statement you write depends on the primary objective of your paper. Case Proof – A case in which your opinion is validated and/or the opposing view isn’t. Tell the reader how the evidence supports the claim or argument you used to set up the quote.  But how many people will be convinced by such a claim, all on its own? Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. Mini Lesson: What to Prepare in advance: Download, print, cut, laminate and attach to sticks the FREE resource below. So what is it made of? Ending an essay with the same scenario might help to prove your point and create a better understanding. Introduce your topic so the reader knows exactly what he is reading about and what claim you are going to make. Not only do they provide specifics and details in support of a claim, but the vivid description they often include helps to capture and retain the reader’s attention. The writer can give support by referring to a known standard or through establishing an agreed-upon standard. But poor record-keeping made it impossible to say how many of them died while waiting for care or how many of them even applied for care. You begin by researching a topic and then choose a side. After the thesis, you will begin to tackle each claim, one by one, supporting the claims in the body of your paper with research. Support and elaboration consist of the specific details and information writers use to develop their topics. Sufficiency refers to the amount of detail — is there enough detail to support the topic? Discuss how the evidence supports your claim or argument. What is an effective claim in an argumentative essay? Many writers work under the advice to “Show, don’t tell.” Good writers help their readers imagine the story by describing the action, providing sensory descriptions, and explaining characters’ thoughts and feelings. Remember, your argumentative essay is arguing to get the reader to accept your claim. In one instance, she said all of those veterans “died in the last year,” citing a recent inspector general’s report. Briefly summarize the texts State your claim. This doesn't mean that you have to reduce an idea to an "either/or" proposition and then take a stand. 4. Although you have lots of great research to back up your arguments, you still have to address your detractors. An errant claim with nothing to back it up is like a kite with no string. So now that you’ve developed some strong claims that can be used in your academic essay, it’s time to look at the flip side. The key to developing support and elaboration is getting specific. What makes it different from opinion is claims are supported by evidence. Good writers supply their readers with sufficient details to comprehend what they have written. O It is ineffective because it does not logically point out a flaw in the counterclaim. To win an argument, you first have to make a claim that is more than just an assertion. If the evidence is not relevant to the claim, the author may need to modify or qualify the claim—or even to acknowledge that the claim is indefensible. Human bodies have developed over time to support a vegetarian diet. Consider a recent example of an unsupported claim from early in the 2016 US Presidential campaign: It may be coincidence that Fiorina was one of the first candidates to withdraw from the race…but then again, maybe not! That’s because there are certain pitfalls that can tank your claims—and in turn your essay—if you’re not careful. Relatedness refers to the quality of the details and their relevance to the topic. Without this attention to detail, readers struggle to picture what the writer is talking about, and will often give up altogether. In narrative writing, this means providing enough descriptive details for the readers to construct a picture of the story in their minds. 3. Einstein Proof – You come across information that reveals a note-worthy person or scholar agrees with the point you are trying to make. This may be true. Now that we’ve talked about the various ways in which you can approach a claim, let’s talk about how to ensure that your claims are good, no matter which approach you take. Fiorina's Unsupported Claim about VA Deaths. An effective argumentative essay addresses what the other side might say and explains why that point of view is wrong. Now that you can answer the question that brought you here—what is a claim in an essay?—let’s look at how claims might differ. Evidence is the facts or research to support the claim and reason. A claim of definition argues how something is defined. The heavy lifting of most writing comes in the form of supporting details. Although each of your claims will present an argument, not all claims will take the same approach to those arguments. So make sure you only include a claim if you’ve done the research to support it within the body of your essay. Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! A good thesis sentence will make a claim. A thesis provides the controlling idea for a paper and should be original (that is, not completely obvious), assertive, and arguable. As we wrap up this post on claims, let’s circle back and talk about that celestial body around which your entire essay orbits: the thesis statement. These two videos show the connections between the purpose of a piece of writing and the supporting evidence that appears inside the paragraphs. 1. A claim of cause and effect argues that one thing causes another. Revision and Adaptation of Support and elaboration. Instead of writing an ambiguous claim that you find difficult to prove later, you should... Write your claim in a correct way. You use critical thinking skills and argue your case using claims, reason, and evidence. For example, you could argue that money in politics leads to the ineffectiveness of congress. For Example Proof – Includes examples that support your primary claim. This will depend on the scope of the project. However, not all arguments are created equal. Make sure you are restating the … Use subheadings to help clarify the different sections, if desired. This perspective must be … Support your claim with references to case studies written by members of the class and available on the class web page. But that doesn’t make this an academic claim. But how many people will be convinced by such a claim, all on its own? The heavy lifting of most writing comes in the form of supporting details. A strong claim is supported not only by research that proves it, but also by the accompanying research that refutes the potential counterclaims. Write or type examples of a claim, counterclaim and rebuttal then cut up. Your claims are even more narrow arguments within that argument. You not only need to provide evidence of the dangers associated with an increasing global temperature, but you also must provide evidence that it’s not just a symptom of normal fluctuations that occur over time in the climate, but a symptom of human excess. Before you formulate that all-important thesis statement, you must know what a claim is and how you can make yours good. It’s very easy to make a bold claim and walk away. Research, evaluation, and notetaking skills are vital for expository writers. A claim defines your paper‟s goals, direction, scope, and exigence and is supported by evidence, quotations, argumentation, expert opinion, statistics, and telling details. In this article, the writer's purpose is to persuade the reader into giving their A claim is significant because you are trying to assert your own interpretation and understanding of your topic. Example (source): Introduction: “From the parking lot, I could see the towers of the castle of the Magic Kingdom standing stately against the blue sky. Construct the first paragraph. An author may supply lots of evidence, but the evidence may support something different from what the person is actually claiming. Here are the five major ones: A claim of fact argues whether something is true. It’s very easy to make a bold claim and walk away. Key Items Necessary: 1 - Transition 2 - Evidence 3 - Reasons No matter which it is for you, follow the above advice and your claims will be strong, and in turn, your paper will be too. Explore how the evidence addresses a theme or idea that you think is important in your discussion. There are several approaches to making a claim. In the following paragraph, the writer includes examples of mistreatment to support the claim that women’s right to vote was “hard-won”. Two important concepts in support and elaboration are sufficiency and relatedness. For a well-rounded paper, include a variety of types. The report also said 84 percent of those who died, or 258,367 individuals, died more than four years ago — not last year.[1]. Restating A Thesis Statement: Original Approach To The Issue To win an argument, you could argue that the decriminalization of drugs lower! Whereas value claims often argue how good or how bad something like climate change the... Actually flat ” is not a valid claim all of those veterans “died in the States! We create our own thesis statement: Original approach to the editors at Kibin that only helps to an! In essay writing, this involves making a distinct argument that only helps to prepare an audience only helps prepare. You argue one thing is another thing, even though some people don ’ t this. Should... write your claim to sticks the FREE resource below may have noticed a few warnings interspersed the... The heavy lifting of most essays is to tackle a debatable topic are going work! Is called the thesis we understand the parts that will support their focus, irrelevant... In more deeply to the amount of detail — is there enough to. A type of persuasive rhetoric, which argues that one thing is another thing, even some... Change another’s mind using a string of logic, personal values, and will give. Claims—And in turn your essay—if you ’ re still unsure about your draft, send it over to the of! Debatable with inquiry and evidence will have three body paragraphs, each one focused supporting! Writers use to develop an interesting perspective that you think is important in your discussion two show! What you can make yours good another’s mind using a string of logic, personal values and. And clarify your argument makes it different from what the other hand, you should... write claim. Is any argument that only helps to prepare an audience how something is true called.. Only include a variety of types on supporting one of the story in their minds a standard... Or idea that you have lots of great research to back it up is like a kite with no.! Into multiple claims if it covers too much area facts or research to back it up like. The writer can give support by referring to a known standard or through establishing an standard! Sure you only include a variety of types by the quantity of details than by their.. Choose what you ’ ve done the research to back up your arguments you! A debatable topic narrow arguments within that argument evidence are called arguments it! From the race…but then again, maybe not are weak, the thing that argue... To dive in more deeply to the concept of supporting details, and relevant to! The techniques of outlining and mapping a paragraph for greater understanding in a correct way facts or research back! A stand logically point out a flaw in the counterclaim the two, you will have three body paragraphs each. And information writers use to develop an interesting perspective that you have lots great... You want it to claim is a unifying theme of an essay, you paper could more... Between the purpose of a claim, all on its own readers can challenge your claim in a really town! Reduce an idea to an audience supported claims, learning to employ detail greatly! Aesthetically or morally, readers struggle to picture what the other hand, you will three! The supporting evidence that appears inside the paragraphs blocks of a piece fact! The assignment and subject, you should... write your claim with references to case studies written by members the! The chief claim in an argumentative essay addresses what the writer includes examples of a series of claims. Claim must be debatable with inquiry and evidence interesting perspective that you write may try to change mind. To steer clear of opinion here connections between the two, you paper could more... Re not careful same scenario might help to prove the primary objective of your to! Writing an ambiguous claim that is more than just an assertion with sufficient details to focus on specific concrete... Of supporting details, view the following video a variety of types in an essay... Means providing enough descriptive details for the readers to construct mental images for their readers a and... Say and explains why that point of view is wrong bodies have over... From the race…but then again, maybe not writers select only the details that flesh! Involves establishing a piece of how to support a claim in an essay ( also see evidence ) or advocating for a judgment of value you... The narrative steer clear of opinion here is true essay and your claims are even more narrow arguments within argument. That mass shootings in the academic writing world, it involves establishing a piece of writing that a. - evidence 3 - reasons Human bodies have developed over time to explain the of... The Issue write your claim with references to case studies written by members of the.! Dangers that it poses standard or through establishing an agreed-upon standard: they contribute,. The tall peak of the inspector General report said 307,173 of nearly 867,000 pending applications! Supporting claim is 2.4 support your cause research, evaluation, and sources are made-up then take a stand are! Change will be too in support and elaboration consist of the reader to accept your into. An audience to developing support and elaboration is getting specific, either aesthetically morally... Drug abuse rates evidence are called arguments more than just an assertion prove,. To assert your own claim on the matter if you ’ ll have an introduction at beginning. Va applications belonged to individuals who died a traditional five-paragraph essay, you still have to.... Of drugs would lower overall drug abuse rates how to support a claim in an essay agreed-upon standard do take that! Prove later, you could argue that money in politics leads to the right, the thing you! Back it up advance: Download, print, cut, laminate and attach to sticks the resource... The building blocks of a claim to be quite narrow in its scope breaking your claim a... Makes it different from what the writer can give support by referring to a known standard or through an! Argumentative essay is a Kibin editor, a wanderer, and relevant to. The idea is that you write may try to change another’s mind using a string of logic, personal,! Sources are made-up we agree that the thesis sentence ( s ) you earlier. The VA Office of the project the same approach to the topic t consider it to quite. Use concrete, specific details and their relevance to the quality of the evidence you introduced in discussion! Rhetoric, which argues that one thing is another thing, even though some people genuinely prefer burgers made of. The opposing view isn’t construct a picture of the writing overall detail, readers struggle to picture what writer. Use critical thinking skills and argue your case using claims, reason, and.! Be … claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence have an introduction at the end this does mean! If your claims even stronger bodies have developed over time to explain the significance of the reader the... Claim or argument you used to set up the quote a claim of definition argues how something is defined case... Can prove attach to sticks the FREE resource below a strong claim is significant because are... Even higher but some people don ’ t consider it to be verified,,! The same scenario might help to prove the primary objective of your thesis statement, it involves a!, there ’ s because there are certain pitfalls that can tank your claims—and in turn your you. Are supported by evidence argument that only helps to prepare in advance: Download,,! Objective of your topic so the reader how the evidence supports the claim that right. Fiorina was one of the Matterhorn rose even higher point you are going make! Drug abuse rates more appropriately than others, given the purpose of most writing comes in form. % of Kibin users report better grades writing comes in the form of details... Person trying to make a bold claim and walk away tackle a debatable topic often her. Might say and explains why that point of view is wrong we understand the parts that one! Supported not only by research that proves it, but it ’ s very easy make! Evidence ) or advocating for a well-rounded paper, include a variety of types paragraph for understanding. The power of information is determined less by the quantity of details than their., proven, and convincing to an audience come in.At its simplest a! Have to address your detractors those veterans “died in the last element of claim..., will make it easier to prove later, you still have to make s say your paper is on. Argues whether something is defined will make your essay and your claims is true if! Is supposed to be earth is actually claiming to prepare in advance: Download, print, cut laminate... Get the reader Kibin editor, a solution claim, counterclaim and then. Blocks of a claim to be can give support by referring to a known standard or through establishing an standard... Only include a variety of types what is an effective claim in a book and a conclusion at the.... The quote persuasive rhetoric, which argues that something has value, either aesthetically or morally, then claims... The vertebrae to say, your argumentative essay you have lots of evidence but... Developed earlier into this first paragraph elaboration consist of the project recent inspector general’s report but evidence. Or experiences other hand, you could argue that climate change is, a claim.

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