(Endemic to Cameroon.) The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature: This list is generally for established species with truly wild populations— not kept domestichally—that have been seen numerous times, and have breeding populations. 2000. The main subsistence crops include plantains, beans, potatoes, yams, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), and oil palm in the south and peanuts (groundnuts), millet, and cassava in the north. Ndemah R, Schulthess F, Korie S, Borgemeister C, Cardwell KF. If you live in an area where the rain is excessive, this isn't a good turfgrass choice. Biology and management of economically important lepidopteran cereal stem borers in Africa. Elephants migrate between the Lake Chadregion in Chad and Cameroon; 300 to 400 elephants are reported to live here. Description Fine Thatching Grass is a perennial that is up to 2 m tall. 2011;11:15. doi: 10.1673/031.011.0115. For preservation of this species of ape, the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary and the Takamanda National Park have been specifically established in Cameroon. Epub 2014 Nov 12. P. purpureum is a robust perennial grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Typical afromontane species are Nuxia congesta, Podocarpus latifolius, Prunus africana, Rapanea melanophloeos, and Syzygium guineense bamendae. Mount Bamboutas. Cameroon is a zoological treasure trove and the diverse habitat hosts all the major species to be found throughout Africa and those that are reserved for the equatorial regions. , Though the ecoregion is rich in bird species, birdwatching is a very limited activity here. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta ... Cameroon, Ghana and Nigeria, I. cylindrica is most frequently found in transition forest, mountain forest and wet savannah, and is least common in the rain forest and dry savannah (Chikoye et al., 1999). , The highest mountain the country is the Mount Cameroon with an elevation of 4,070 meters (13,350 ft). List of Animals in Cameroon. Napiergrass, Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. All members of this group originally came from an area to the north and migrated in various complex patter… Above 1800 meters (6000 ft) elevation are distinct montane forests and patches of montane grassland, bamboo forest, and subalpine grasslands and shrub lands. , The rich wildlife consists of 8,260 recorded plant species including 156 endemic species, 409 species of mammals of which 14 are endemic, 690 species of birds which includes 8 endemic species, 250 species of reptiles, and 200 species of amphibians. The only thing required is a Basic membership / registration which is Although plant diversity and biogeography are poorly known, tree species diversity tends to be low, but the diversity of non-woody plants such as grasses is high. This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Cameroon.There are 327 mammal species in Cameroon, of which four are critically endangered, sixteen are endangered, twenty-three are vulnerable, and fourteen are near threatened.. Bushmeat vendors sometimes set up temporary tables and informal stands along the road, displaying their recently butchered or whole dead animals. pomifera (Myrtaceae) essential oil in Drosophila melanogaster by means of oxidative stress. List of Freshwater Fishes for Cameroon Number of freshwater fish species: 503 The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. It is slightly more palatable than other thatching grasses (Hyparrhenia species), however. Imperata cylindrica (grass) Click here to go back. Thomasomys ucucha. The Cameroon Grasslands is a large cultural area, which is inhabited by a large number of related peoples. Cameroon: Andropadus montanus, Phyllastrephus poliocephalus, Laniarius atroflavus, Malaconotus gladiator, Cossypha isabellae and the subspecies Cisticola chubbi discolor (sometimes considered a separate species C. discolor. | Cameroon is a zoological treasure trove and the diverse habitat hosts all the major species to be found throughout Africa and those that are reserved for the equatorial regions. , CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Beyond Boundaries:Regional Overview of Transboundary Natural Resource Management in Central Africa", "Mapping of Protected Areas Evolution in Cameroon from the Beginning to 2000: Lesson to Learn and Perspectives", "Western Africa: Western Cameroon extending into Ni", "Birds Of Cameroon, Checklist Of The Birds Of Cameroon; Cameroon's Complete Birdlist", "The Sangha River Tri-national Protected Area (STN)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wildlife_of_Cameroon&oldid=969786630, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 July 2020, at 12:19. Western High Plateau. Wikipedia. In Cameroon, rangelands occupy about 20 % of surface area; provide critical habitat to many animal and plant species; offer many vital goods and services to society and are home to pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, crop farmers, fishermen and hunter-gatherers, who for centuries co-existed peacefully. Rodents include the lesser cane rat (Thryonomys gregorianus); Dendromurinae (African climbing mice, fat mice, tree mice, and relatives), and Otomyinae (vlei rats and whistling rats). | Hartweg's Soft-furred Mouse (Praomys hartwigi). Mount Bamboutos 2. Other common species are Luzula campestris, Senecio clarenceanus and the endemic Helichrysum mannii (Astaeraceae) and Veronica mannii (Scrophulariaceae). Aardvark. Calatayud PA, Le Ru BP, van den Berg J, Schulthess F. Insects. ; Eisentraut's Shrew (Crocidura eisentrauti). Weeping lovegrass, Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Appropriate actions are under implementation in respect of anti-poaching, research and the promotion of tourism to the rain forests (the mammal species of particular interest are elephants, apes, ranging from western lowland gorilla to chimpanzees and bongo). Abstract Grasses have developed through natural selection to deter, escape and tolerate herbivory, and to escape and tolerate fire. The coverage of reserves was initially about 4 percent of the country's area, rising to 12 percent; the administration proposes to cover 30 percent of the land area. Ndemah R, Schulthess F, Poehling M, Borgemeister C, Goergen G. Bull Entomol Res. Preuss's Monkey (or Preuss's Guenon) (Cercopithecus preussi). In Africa, Congo grass is common as a pioneer species of cleared rain forest (Ecoport, 2014). The mammals identified were typical of those recorded in previous bushmeat studies but we recorded several species of birds rarely recorded … Table 1 shows the percentage of the described species globally that have representatives in soils; for some groups, the only habitat is the soil environment. , The topography of the country extends from the coastline to hill regions with elevations of up to 2,000 meters (6,600 ft). Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Hunting for ivory, skins and other animal parts is also reported in many national park areas in Cameroon, from within the country and also from cross border poachers.. Oku Rat (Lamottemys okuensis). The Cameroon forestry law prohibits the exportation of some timber species in unprocessed round logs, such as Padouk, Bubinga, Zingana, Pachyloba, Wengue and Dousie (Pachyloba africana). " One of the important regions is the Cameroonian Highlands forests which extends across the Cameroon Highlands, covering an area of 38,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi) in western Cameroon and eastern Nigeria. When I flew to Cameroon few months ago, I was given this ‘Artemesia’ tea to drink, as a preventive shield against malaria. Distribution, relative importance and effect of lepidopterous borers on maize yields in the forest zone and mid-altitude of Cameroon. The distribution of this protected area within Cameroon covers: The Lowland forest zones of Dja (5,260 square kilometres (2,030 sq mi)) with corridors connecting to the Nki and Minkébé protected areas, the Nki National Park covering 1,950 square kilometres (750 sq mi) with ecological corridors to Dja and Boumba–Bek, the Boumba Bek National Park covering 2,330 square kilometres (900 sq mi), and the Lobéké National Park covering 2,100 square kilometres (810 sq mi) (integrated with the Trinational Park of Cameroon, the Central African Republic, and the Republic of Congo and linked with an Eco-corridor to Boumba–Bek Reserve; the Campo Ma'an National Park of 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), which borders with the Rio de Campo of Equatorial Guinea; and the Savanna Zone comprising the Waza National Park of 1,700 square kilometres (660 sq mi) near Chad border, Faro National Park of 3,300 square kilometres (1,300 sq mi) area with common boundary with Nigeria, and the Kalamaloué National Park of 45 square kilometres (17 sq mi) on the Chad border. (Roman Catholicism) Either of the two elements of the Eucharist after they have been consecrated, so named because they retain the image of the bread and wine before their transubstantiation into the body and blood of Christ. Natural enemies of lepidopterous borers on maize and elephant grass in the forest zone of Cameroon.  Elephants migrate between the Lake Chad region in Chad and Cameroon; 300 to 400 elephants are reported to live here. Organize Animals By: Letter (A-to-Z) Scientific; Class; Location; Endangered; Pictures; Favourites; Join AZ Animals FREE to get amazing animal facts, printable animal activities, and much more sent directly to you. Within these complexes there are numerous smaller ethnic groups, which are loosely affiliated with one another and share many historical and political similarities while retaining separate identities. On Mount Cameroon the characteristic species of this zone include Philippa mannii and the endemic Satureja robusta (Lamiaceae). These peoples can be divided into three smaller subgroups: Bamilike, Bamum, and Bamenda Tikar. Critically Endangered: . Birkett MA, Chamberlain K, Khan ZR, Pickett JA, Toshova T, Wadhams LJ, Woodcock CM. Adobe Illustrator .AI EPS Vector files from our Netmaps database. Inflorescence a single green raceme (often hairy) with long, brown, velvety, intertwined awns. Known only from high altitude forest and grassland habitats in the Cordillera Oriental of Ecuador. Human-snake contacts occur mainly during field activities, in high grass or forest walks, but also around or in houses in regions of high density of snake population, typically farming regions where grain attracts rodents that, in turn, attract snakes. As is generally the case for organisms that inhabit subsurface environments, the diversity of soil organisms is poorly known rela… The nearby Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests ecoregion is also known for the endemic species. , Many protected areas are still in "pristine" condition, mostly because there is less tourism in Cameroon than other regions of Africa.  Another major river, which joins the Sangha River, is the Dja River, which rises in west-central Africa and flows forming the border between Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo, and through the Dja Faunal Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage site. , Primates reported are: De Brazza's monkey (Cercopithecus neglectus), the black colobus (Colobus satanas); the patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas); the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla); the Angolan colobus (Colobus angolensis); the moustached monkey (Cercopithecus cephus); the Gabon bushbaby (Galago gabonensis); the mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona); and the western needle-clawed galago (Euoticus elegantulus). The best way to save sea turtles from plastic pollution is to stop plastic reaching our rivers and seas in the first place. Utilization is … In the drier woodlands above the rain forests are the tall grasslands and also some areas covered with mountain bamboo. Congo grass is a summer growing species yielding large amounts of biomass with high N supply. Until 1975, there were 9 protected areas with greater focus on the north than the south. Wooden watering devices being used to irrigate … Karehed J, Odulg E: An ethnobotanical study among the Maasai of the Loita Hills, Kenya. Cameroon vegetation map. Loves water.  Cameroon is an important breeding area for marine and freshwater species such as crustaceans, mollusks, fish, and birds. Cameroon and Bioko: Psalidoprocne fuliginosa, Andropadus tephrolaemus, Phyllastrephus poensis, Phylloscopus herberti, Urolais epichlora, Poliolais lopezi, Nectarinia oritis, Nectarinia ursulae and Nesocharis shelleyi. Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Cameroon and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals.. Guatemala grass has long been referred to as Tripsacum laxum Nash in the literature, but it is now considered that plants once described under that name belong to Tripsacum andersonii J. R. Gray.As of 2013, GRIN recognizes Tripsacum andersonii J. R. Gray as the main Guatemala grass species, with Tripsacum laxum Nash as a distinct species.However, the situation remains confusing. Cameroon. Regional polls in Cameroon to give separatists more say Dailymotion. Nees. Seven species are endemic to geographical Cameroon. were tested. Request PDF | On Jan 1, 2003, D.W. Thomas and others published Tree Species of Southwestern Cameroon: Tree Distribution Maps, Diameter Tables and Species Documentation of the 50 … Humans have introduced more different species to new environments than any single document can hope to record. The first forest reserve created was the Mozogo Gokoro Reserve 12 June 1932 and the second in the same year was the Benue Reserve on 19 November 1932. Details of this species in Cameroon. Cameroonian Animals. 2002;47:701-31. doi: 10.1146/annurev.ento.47.091201.145254. We have created a special program for this species earlier in the season. , As part of the Congo Basin, the Sangha River, drained by the tributaries rising in the northern humid region, and flowing into the southern region of the country, is the main water catchment. Elephants are also reported in small numbers.  Bats include the lesser woolly bat (Kerivoula lanosa) and Franquet's epauletted bat (Epomops franqueti).. Most buffalo grass varieties won't tolerate a lot of rain, however. Kfir R, Overholt WA, Khan ZR, Polaszek A. Annu Rev Entomol. We examined discarded animal remains at 13 semi-permanent hunting camps in the Ebo Forest, Cameroon, over 272 days. In elevations between 2,400 m and 3,000 m, short grasses are the dominant species, particularly in the region of Mount Cameroon. (Nirenberg), were significantly reduced by border rows of grasses. It is a High yielding 2012 Nov 6;3(4):1156-70. doi: 10.3390/insects3041156. In 1998 in Benin, the only grass tested, Pennisetum polystachion L., significantly increased parasitism of mainly S. calamistis eggs by Telenomus spp. Giant African Water Shrew (Potamogale velox). Thus, it is not possible to extrapolate from knowledge of sister species living above ground to devise ways to sustainably manage soils. Stuart-Hill G.C. Cameroon has enacted legislation to protect all these species of turtles. The grasses, Poaceae (Gramineae), are man's most useful family of plants. Western High Plateau 2. Trading in bush meat is common in the Sangha River Region; bush meat trade is reported to be concurrent with the logging operations. Cursor grass mouse. Utilization of this grass is by all tall-grass feeders. The Central African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii) and West African wild dog (Lycaon pictus manguensis) were declared extinct from Cameroon in 2010. Important protected areas for these species are the Mbam Djerem National Park, Benoue National Park, Korup National Park, Takamanda National Park, and the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary. Mailafiya DM, Le Ru BP, Kairu EW, Dupas S, Calatayud PA. J Insect Sci. Grass species were chosen that in surveys and greenhouse trials were highly attractive to ovipositing female moths but with offspring mortality of close to 100%, thus acting as trap plants. Ethnobotanical studies have reported useful plant species in Cameroon [11, 12] ... Samba G: The vertiver grass (Vertiveria zizanioides): A recent farmer initiative for land husbandry in Kom area. The Grasslands is a large cultural area located in central Cameroon inhabited by a number of related peoples including the Bamun, the Bamileke and the Bamenda Tikar. Parasitism of lepidopterous stem borers in cultivated and natural habitats. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. People all around the world are finding turtles that have eaten plastic or become entangled in it. In Cameroon, elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum Moench significantly lowered infestations of Busseola fusca (Fuller), Sesamia calamistis Hampson and Eldana saccharina Walker and increased yields of maize though the differences were not significant during all three cropping seasons. (Endemic to Cameroon.) HHS Ecology of the African Maize Stalk Borer, Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Special Reference to Insect-Plant Interactions.  The climatic conditions are of low to highland with equatorial to tropical climate. He says, "It is possible to argue that the astounding success of Homo sapiens as a species is ultimately due to the power possessed by grass to grow again after being eaten down by animals." Our forest area located North-East of Yaoundé (Cameroon) is excellent for dwarf buffalo. available through the ABC website. (Endemic to Cameroon.) NLM This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Cameroon.There are 327 mammal species in Cameroon, of which four are critically endangered, sixteen are endangered, twenty-three are vulnerable, and fourteen are near threatened.. Its 22 million hectares of tropical forests are a vital part of the Congo Basin forest ecosystem. , Prominent reptiles reported include the African rock python (Python sebae), the green bush viper (Atheris squamigera) and the African slender-snouted crocodile (Mecistops cataphractus). Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Cameroon’s crater lakes are little laboratories of evolution. Birds, birding and bird watching species in Cameroon Country checklists iGoTerra We are delighted that our Corporate Sponsor iGoTerra has made its country checklists, including subspecies (IOC or Clements) as well as all other species groups like mammals, butterflies etc. Cameroon bushmeat markets are generally integrated into, or on the edge of, a formal open market. Stapf and Panicum maximum Jacq. There are also 14 species in common with just Mt Cameroon and not Bioko, adding Andropadus montanus, Phyllastrephus poliocephalus, Laniarius atroflavus, Malaconotus gladiator, Cossypha isabellae and the race Cisticola chubbi discolor (sometimes considered a separate species C. discolor) (Dowsett 1989, Dowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett 1989, 2000, Fotso et al. , The wildlife is under threat due to many factors. For preservation of this species of ape, the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary and the Takamanda National Park have been specifically established in Cameroon. Aardvark. Minor field studies No. Four species belonging to three families were identified (Table 1):Clarias gariepinus (Clariidae),Oreochromis niloticus andTilapia cameronensis (Cichlidae), andParachanna obscura (Channidae). Kupe bushshrike (Telophorus kupeensis). The forests are also categorized as part of the "Congolian Coastal Forests, Western Congo Basin Forests, Sudanian Savannas, Sahelian Flooded Savannas, Gulf of Guinea Rivers and Crater Lakes, Guinean-Congolian Coast Mangroves, and Gulf of Guinea Marine Ecosystems. The Cross River gorilla is the most endangered African ape subspecies. , Eleven small mammal species are endemic to the ecoregion: Eisentraut's striped mouse (Hybomys eisentrauti), the African wood mouse (Hylomyscus grandis), the Mount Oku rat (Lamottemys okuensis), Mittendorf's striped grass mouse (Lemniscomys mittendorfi), two brush-furred mouse species (Lophuromys dieterleni) and (Lophuromys eisentrauti), the Oku mouse shrew (Myosorex okuensis), the Rumpi mouse shrew (M. rumpii), the western vlei rat (Otomys occidentalis), Hartwig's soft-furred mouse (Praomys hartwigi), and Isabella's shrew (Sylvisorex isabellae). Wikipedia. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta ... Cameroon, Ghana and Nigeria, I. cylindrica is most frequently found in transition forest, mountain forest and wet savannah, and is least common in the rain forest and dry savannah (Chikoye et al., 1999). The ecoregion lies above 900 metres (3,000 ft) elevation, and is surrounded at lower elevations by the Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests at the southern end of the range, and by forest-savanna mosaic along the central and northern ends of the range; the Cameroon Highlands form the boundary between the Guinean and Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic ecoregions, consisting of sub-montane to montane forests and finally sub alpine grasslands. , A particular success story of the enabled protection, particularly in the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park is of the special group of 'eco-guards', who operate under the MFEE (Ministry of Forestry Economy and the Environment), unlike the past practice of deploying rangers, which is reported to have stopped illegal human activities taking place in the park such as poaching. DM yield exceeded 20 t/ha in Australia and South America, and up to 25 t DM/ha in Sri Lanka when 366 kg N/ha fertilizer were applied (Husson et al., 2008; Cook et al., 2005).In the low fertile soils of Coronel Pacheco (Brazil) with no N fertilizer, Congo grass yielded only 6 t DM/ha. Vegetation Map of Africa. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Busseola segeta Bowden (Lepidoptera; Noctuidae): A Case Study of Host Use Diversification in Guineo-Congolian Rainforest Relic Area, Kenya. The third reserve, the Waza Reserve was established on 24 March 1934, initially covering an area of 155,000 hectares (380,000 acres) which was extended in 1935 to cover 165,000 hectares (410,000 acres); this is one of the most popular reserves in the country. The NGO not only helps in the rescue and rehabilitation of great apes but also helps in management of a large sanctuary in the Mefou forest. October 2020. 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